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Characteristics And Applications Of Biochar For Environmental Remediation: A Review

T. Xie, K. R. Reddy, Chengwen Wang, Erin N. Yargicoglu, K. Spokas
Published 2015 · Chemistry
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Biochar is a stabilized, recalcitrant organic carbon compound, created when biomass is heated to temperatures usually between 300 and 1000°C, under low (preferably zero) oxygen concentrations. It is produced from a variety of biomass feedstock, such as agricultural residues, wood chips, manure, and municipal solid waste, through a variety of thermal treatments, among which slow pyrolysis is the most widely used due to its moderate operating conditions and optimization of biochar yields. Despite the recent introduction of the term biochar for this material, there have been several applications of charred materials in the past due to their unique properties (e.g., high specific surface area, microporosity, and sorptive capabilities). These early applications have primarily focused on the use of biochar as a soil amendment in agriculture, though other applications in environmental remediation engineering may be equally important (i.e., for soil and groundwater treatment and stormwater filter media). The objective of this review is to provide a detailed examination into the engineering properties and potential uses of biochar as an engineered material for environmental remediation. Biochar, due its highly variable and customizable surface chemistry, offers great potential in a variety of engineering applications, some of which have yet to be discovered.
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Black Carbon (Biochar) In Water/Soil Environments: Molecular Structure, Sorption, Stability, and Potential Risk.
Fei Lian (2017)
10.20944/PREPRINTS201810.0730.V1
Application of Biochar to the Remediation of Pb-Contaminated Solutions
Maria Rosaria Boni (2018)
10.1039/c9ra06592j
Enhancing the adsorption capability of areca leaf biochar for methylene blue by K2FeO4-catalyzed oxidative pyrolysis at low temperature
Zhibing Yin (2019)
10.1007/S42729-019-00085-0
Effect of Biochar on the Yield of Potatoes Cultivated Under Wastewater Irrigation for Two Seasons
Christopher Nzediegwu (2019)
10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.05.072
The characterization of biochars derived from rice straw and swine manure, and their potential and risk in N and P removal from water.
Ling Luo (2019)
10.1007/s11356-019-05153-7
Risk assessment of low-temperature biochar used as soil amendment on soil mesofauna
Iwona Gruss (2019)
10.1016/J.CEJ.2019.05.204
Unveiling the mechanism of biochar-activated hydrogen peroxide on the degradation of ciprofloxacin
K. Luo (2019)
10.1016/j.ecoenv.2020.110653
Biochar-activated persulfate for organic contaminants removal: Efficiency, mechanisms and influencing factors.
Feiyue Li (2020)
10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114446
Popular wood and sugarcane bagasse biochars reduced uptake of chromium and lead by lettuce from mine-contaminated soil.
Amir Zeb Khan (2020)
10.1016/j.joei.2020.05.002
Physicochemical and structural characterization of biochar derived from the pyrolysis of biosolids, cattle manure and spent coffee grounds
Marinos Stylianou (2020)
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