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Self-assembled Thermal Gold Nanorod-loaded Thermosensitive Liposome-encapsulated Ganoderic Acid For Antibacterial And Cancer Photochemotherapy
Published 2019 · Chemistry, Medicine
Abstract A novel nanoparticle (Au-LTSL-GA.A) uses the thermosensitive liposome (LTSL) to encapsulate ganoderic acid A (GA.A), which successfully transforms the polarity of GA.A and has excellent water solubility. The multifunctional Au-LTSL-GA.A, a self-assembled thermal nanomaterial, was used in antibacterial and anticancer applications in combination with near-infrared (NIR) irradiation. The designed Au-LTSL-GA.A nanoparticle was used as a nano-photosensitizer to achieve synergistic photochemotherapy based on the phototherapy sensitization property of Au nanorods (NRs) and antitumour activity of GA.A. In the antibacterial experiments, the Au-LTSL-GA.A + NIR irradiation had a broad-spectrum antibacterial effect, exhibiting a strong antibacterial activity against drug-resistant Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) compared with the raw GA.A and LTSL-GA.A. In the anticancer experiments, Au-LTSL-GA.A + NIR irradiation, which combined phototherapy sensitization property of Au NRs with antitumour activity of GA.A, exhibited high anticancer activity against MCF-7 cells. The IC50 value of Au-LTSL-GA.A + NIR irradiation (12.1 ± 1.3 μg/mL) was almost similar to cisplatin in MCF-7 cells. The evaluation of the potential in vivo toxicity of Au-LTSL-GA.A revealed no toxicity in mice. The results of this study suggest that Au-LTSL-GA.A has a wide range of potential industrial and clinical applications, such as in antibacterial treatment and cancer photochemotherapy.