Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Empirical Models Of Pollen Limitation, Resource Acquisition, And Mast Seeding By A Bee‐Pollinated Wildflower

E. Crone, L. Polansky, P. Lesica
Published 2005 · Medicine, Biology

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Synchronous mast seeding is increasingly recognized as common in plant populations. Recent theoretical models show that synchronous mast seeding could be a consequence of resource allocation and storage within individual plants, coupled by pollen limitation in low‐flowering years. We used long‐term population and weather data to parameterize models of flowering based on stored resources and pollen limitation in Astragalus scaphoides, a bee‐pollinated plant that flowers in alternate years. We used these models to test whether internal resource dynamics could explain mast seeding in A. scaphoides and, if so, whether synchrony was caused by pollen limitation and/or fluctuations in precipitation. We compared predictions of models that included all combinations of three factors: constant versus precipitation‐dependent resource gain, uniform versus heterogeneous resource gain (among individual plants), and resource‐dependent versus resource‐ and pollen‐limited fruit set. Pollen limitation and heterogeneous resource gain were necessary and sufficient to explain alternate‐year flowering, but precipitation increased the quantitative match between model predictions and flowering dynamics. Together, our results support the importance of density‐dependent pollen limitation as an ultimate and proximate cause of mast seeding in A. scaphoides. Precipitation does not act as a direct cue for synchrony in this species but might affect long‐term resource gain and fruiting dynamics.
This paper references
10.1007/BF00341326
Mast-seeding in the cycad genus Encephalartos: a test of the predator satiation hypothesis
J. Donaldson (2004)
10.1086/340603
Snow Tussocks, Chaos, and the Evolution of Mast Seeding
M. Rees (2002)
DEMOGRAPHY OF ASTRAGALUS SCAPHOIDES AND EFFECTS OF HERBIVORY ON POPULATION GROWTH
P. Lesica (1995)
10.1046/J.1365-2745.2002.00721.X
The synchronized and intermittent reproduction of forest trees is mediated by the Moran effect, only in association with pollen coupling
A. Satake (2002)
10.2307/3808855
Yellowstone grizzly bear mortality, human habituation, and whitebark pine seed crops
D. J. Mattson (1992)
10.1086/303302
Patterns of Annual Seed Production by Northern Hemisphere Trees: A Global Perspective
W. Koenig (2000)
10.1080/0028825X.1986.10409815
Periodic heavy flowering of New Zealand flax (Phormium, agavaceae)
R. Brockie (1986)
10.1890/0012-9658(2002)083[1928:DSATVR]2.0.CO;2
Demographic stochasticity and the variance reduction effect
G. Fox (2002)
Flowering and alternate bearing
L D Davis (1957)
10.1016/0006-3207(87)90033-4
The pollination ecology of co-occuring geographically restricted and widespread species of Astragalus (Fabaceae)
J. D. Karron (1987)
10.1111/J.1523-1739.2001.99341.X
Effects of Habitat Size and Patch Isolation on Reproductive Success of the Serpentine Morning Glory
A. T. Wolf (2001)
10.2307/2483893
Atlas of North American Astragalus.
D. B. Dunn (1966)
10.1111/J.1523-1739.2001.98546.X
Experimental Demonstration of an Allee Effect in American Ginseng
E. Hackney (2001)
10.2307/1312946
Of Mice and Mast Ecological connections in eastern deciduous forests
R. Ostfeld (1996)
10.1126/SCIENCE.55.1418.241
ALTERNATE BEARING OF FRUIT TREES.
H. Tukey (1922)
10.1007/s00442-001-0835-y
Variation in timing and abundance of flowering by Delphinium barbeyi Huth (Ranunculaceae): the roles of snowpack, frost, and La Niña, in the context of climate change
D. Inouye (2001)
10.1016/0169-5347(94)90310-7
The evolutionary ecology of mast seeding.
D. Kelly (1994)
The importance of scale in ecological model predictions : assessing the consistency of fertilization responses in lakes
K. Sugimura (2004)
10.1111/J.1523-1739.1988.TB00200.X
Pollination in Dianthus deltoides (Caryophyllaceae): effects of habitat fragmentation on visitation and seed set
Ola Jennersten (1988)
10.1111/J.1095-8312.1980.TB00107.X
The evolutionary ecology of mast seeding in trees
J. Silvertown (1980)
10.1046/J.1365-2664.1999.04462.X
The Ecological Detective: Confronting Models with Data
R. Freckleton (1999)
10.2307/1939313
Ecology of mast-fruiting in three species of North American deciduous oaks.
V. L. Sork (1993)
Effects of recruitment, oak mast, and fall-season format on wild turkey harvest rates in Virginia
G. W. Norman (2003)
10.1034/J.1600-0706.2003.12272.X
Dissecting components of population‐level variation in seed production and the evolution of masting behavior
W. Koenig (2003)
10.1650/0010-5422(2002)104[0208:WLANSO]2.0.CO;2
WATER LEVELS AFFECT NEST SUCCESS OF THE SNAIL KITE IN FLORIDA: AIC AND THE OMISSION OF RELEVANT CANDIDATE MODELS
S. Beissinger (2002)
10.2307/2259359
Population Biology of Plants
J. Harper (1977)
10.2307/1940859
Sex and the single mustard : population density and pollinator behavior effects on seed-set
W. Kunin (1993)
10.1890/03-0256
CAUSES OF SYNCHRONOUS FLOWERING IN ASTRAGALUS SCAPHOIDES, AN ITEROPAROUS PERENNIAL PLANT
E. Crone (2004)
10.1016/S0169-5347(03)00162-9
Evolutionary demography of monocarpic perennials.
J. Metcalf (2003)
10.1098/rspb.2002.2037
Evolution of flowering strategies in Oenothera glazioviana: an integral projection model approach
M. Rees (2002)
10.1086/284837
Staggered Flowering in the Dipterocarpaceae: New Insights Into Floral Induction and the Evolution of Mast Fruiting in the Aseasonal Tropics
P. Ashton (1988)
10.1017/CBO9780511608773
Chaotic evolution and strange attractors : the statistical analysis of time series for deterministic nonlinear systems
D. Ruelle (1989)
10.1093/AOB/MCF107
Allocation of resources to reproduction in Styrax obassia in a masting year.
Yuko Miyazaki (2002)
10.1016/S0169-5347(99)01664-X
Jensen's inequality predicts effects of environmental variation.
Ruel (1999)
10.1007/s004420050949
Effects of habitat isolation on pollinator communities and seed set
I. Steffan-Dewenter (1999)
NNDC climate data online
G. W. Norman (2003)
10.1046/J.1523-1739.2002.00036.X
Variation among Individuals and Reduced Demographic Stochasticity
B. Kendall (2002)
10.1046/J.1365-2656.2003.00742.X
Variable performance of individuals: the role of population density and endogenously formed landscape heterogeneity
C. A. Pfister (2003)
10.1046/J.0016-8025.2003.01032.X
Non‐structural carbon compounds in temperate forest trees
G. Hoch (2003)
NNDC climate data online. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
(2003)
10.1146/ANNUREV.ES.07.110176.002023
Why Bamboos Wait So Long to Flower
D. Janzen (1976)
10.1890/02-4055
Indirect effects of an introduced ungulate on pollination and plant reproduction
D. P. Vázquez (2004)
10.1007/s00442-003-1295-3
Density-dependent seed set in the Haleakala silversword: evidence for an Allee effect
Stacey Forsyth (2003)
10.1006/JTBI.1999.1066
Pollen coupling of forest trees: forming synchronized and periodic reproduction out of chaos.
A. Satake (2000)
10.2307/2656617
Effects of fire on the demography of the endangered, geophytic herb Silene spaldingii (Caryophyllaceae).
P. Lesica (1999)
10.1201/noe0849398438.pte
The ecology of plants
J. Gurevitch (2002)
10.2307/1939386
Acorn Production by Oaks in Central Coastal California: Variation within and among Years
W. Koenig (1994)
MAST SEEDING OF BAMBOO SHRUBS AND MOUSE OUTBREAKS IN SOUTHERN CHILE
M. Gallardo (1999)
10.1086/285089
The Advantage of Mast Years for Wind Pollination
C. Smith (1990)
10.1890/0012-9658(2002)083[1214:MBENZP]2.0.CO;2
MASTING BY EIGHTEEN NEW ZEALAND PLANT SPECIES: THE ROLE OF TEMPERATURE AS A SYNCHRONIZING CUE
E. Schauber (2002)
10.2307/2265756
Long‐Term Patterns of Mast Fruiting in Fraxinus Excelsior
Per-Goran Tapper (1996)
10.1890/0012-9658(2003)084[0277:LSCSTT]2.0.CO;2
LARGE‐SCALE CLIMATE SYNCHRONIZES THE TIMING OF FLOWERING BY MULTIPLE SPECIES
E. Post (2003)
10.2307/3545810
Quantifying the benefits of mast seeding on predator satiation and wind pollination in Chionochloa pallens (Poaceae)
D. Kelly (1997)
10.1139/X03-188
Modelling the temporal variation in the seed production of North American trees
D. F. Greene (2004)
10.1016/0022-5193(79)90207-8
Models of mast fruiting in trees.
D. Waller (1979)
Masting by eighteen New Zealand plant species : temperature as a synchronizing cue
V. Selås (2002)
10.1111/J.1365-2745.2004.00845.X
Flowering and fruiting phenology of a Philippine submontane rain forest: climatic factors as proximate and ultimate causes
A. Hamann (2004)
10.1146/ANNUREV.ECOLSYS.33.020602.095433
MAST SEEDING IN PERENNIAL PLANTS: Why, How, Where?
D. Kelly (2002)
10.2307/2261636
Alternate bearing, predator satiation and seedling recruitment in Quercus robur L.
M. J. Crawley (1995)
10.2307/1468251
Ecological Heterogeneity in Streams: Why Variance Matters
M. Palmer (1997)
10.1890/1051-0761(2001)011[1366:TEOFOT]2.0.CO;2
THE EFFECT OF FIRE ON THE POPULATION VIABILITY OF AN ENDANGERED PRAIRIE PLANT
Thomas N Kaye (2001)
The alternate fruit bearing problem in pecans
I. Steffan-Dewenter (1974)
10.2307/2960653
Population size and density effects in pollination : Pollinator foraging and plant reproductive success in experimental arrays of Brassica kaber
W. Kunin (1997)
10.1080/0028825X.1992.10412893
Mast seeding of Chionochloa (Poaceae) and pre-dispersal seed predation by a specialist fly (Diplotoxa, Diptera: Chloropidae)
D. Kelly (1992)
10.1034/J.1600-0706.2002.980212.X
How perennial are perennial plants
J. Ehrlén (2002)
10.1086/286135
Allee Effects Limit Population Viability of an Annual Plant
M. Groom (1998)
10.1007/s00442-003-1371-8
Floral density, pollen limitation, and reproductive success in Trillium grandiflorum
T. Knight (2003)
10.1139/CJB-78-4-423
Seed production of a masting dwarf shrub, Vaccinium myrtillus, in relation to previous reproduction and weather.
V. Selås (2000)
10.1890/0012-9658(1999)080[1789:WDPCAS]2.0.CO;2
WHY DO POPULATIONS CYCLE? A SYNTHESIS OF STATISTICAL AND MECHANISTIC MODELING APPROACHES
B. Kendall (1999)
10.2307/3802723
Model selection and multimodel inference : a practical information-theoretic approach
K. Burnham (2003)
10.1006/JTBI.1997.0442
How Does Masting Happen and Synchronize
Y. Isagi (1997)
10.1890/03-5127
DOES SCALE AFFECT ECOLOGICAL MODEL PREDICTIONS? A TEST WITH LAKE RESPONSES TO FERTILIZATION
R. Irvine (2004)
10.1086/286191
Annual Variability in Seed Production by Woody Plants and the Masting Concept: Reassessment of Principles and Relationship to Pollination and Seed Dispersal
C. Herrera (1998)
10.1890/0012-9658(2001)082[0117:ETWPBO]2.0.CO;2
EVALUATING THE WIND POLLINATION BENEFITS OF MAST SEEDING
D. Kelly (2001)



This paper is referenced by
10.1111/nph.15108
Correlated seed failure as an environmental veto to synchronize reproduction of masting plants.
Michał Bogdziewicz (2018)
10.1086/704111
Environmental Veto Synchronizes Mast Seeding in Four Contrasting Tree Species
M. Bogdziewicz (2019)
10.1007/s12080-014-0238-4
Assessing the efficacy of population-level models of mast seeding
E. Penelope Holland (2014)
10.1111/J.1442-9993.2007.01708.X
No evidence for simultaneous pollen and resource limitation in Aciphylla squarrosa: A long-lived, masting herb
R. Brookes (2007)
10.1016/j.jtbi.2010.01.030
Why do sex ratio dimorphisms exist in Quercus masting? Evolution of imperfect synchronous reproduction in Monoecious trees.
Tetsuya Akita (2010)
10.1111/cobi.12049
Ability of matrix models to explain the past and predict the future of plant populations.
E. Crone (2013)
10.1002/ecy.1951
Masting in wind-pollinated trees: system-specific roles of weather and pollination dynamics in driving seed production.
Michał Bogdziewicz (2017)
10.18960/SEITAI.57.2_200
理論と実証分析の相互フィードバック : 植物の繁殖同調モデルを例に ( 生態学における理論研究と実証研究の連携)
暁子 佐竹 (2007)
10.1038/srep45251
Corrigendum: Direct coupling: a possible strategy to control fruit production in alternate bearing
A. Prasad (2017)
10.1038/srep39890
Direct coupling: a possible strategy to control fruit production in alternate bearing
A. Prasad (2017)
10.1007/s00442-012-2557-8
It is risky out there: the costs of emergence and the benefits of prolonged dormancy
Jennifer R Gremer (2012)
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570301.001.0001
Allee Effects in Ecology and Conservation
F. Courchamp (2008)
10.1139/X03-188
Modelling the temporal variation in the seed production of North American trees
D. F. Greene (2004)
10.1016/j.jtbi.2009.04.015
The role of large environmental noise in masting: general model and example from pistachio trees.
D. Lyles (2009)
10.1111/nyas.12465
Resource depletion, pollen coupling, and the ecology of mast seeding
E. Crone (2014)
10.1002/ecy.2163
Time-lagged effects of weather on plant demography: drought and Astragalus scaphoides.
B. Tenhumberg (2018)
10.1007/s11284-012-0942-8
Desynchronization and re-synchronization of reproduction by Astragalus scaphoides, a plant that flowers in alternate years
E. Crone (2012)
10.3375/043.033.0305
Life History and Demography of Astragalus microcymbus Barneby (Fabaceae)
Michelle E. DePrenger-Levin (2013)
10.1007/s10144-011-0301-6
Prior reproduction and weather affect berry crops in central Ontario, Canada
E. Howe (2011)
10.1111/nph.14114
Mechanisms of mast seeding: resources, weather, cues, and selection.
I. Pearse (2016)
10.1890/09-1864.1
Disappearing plants: why they hide and how they return.
Jennifer R Gremer (2010)
10.1007/s11284-007-0397-5
A resource budget model to explain intraspecific variation in mast reproductive dynamics
A. Satake (2007)
10.1098/rspb.2017.1784
The Moran effect and environmental vetoes: phenological synchrony and drought drive seed production in a Mediterranean oak
M. Bogdziewicz (2017)
10.1007/s00442-006-0506-0
Pollen and water limitation in Astragalus scaphoides, a plant that flowers in alternate years
E. Crone (2006)
10.1111/ele.12651
Parameterisation and validation of a resource budget model for masting using spatiotemporal flowering data of individual trees.
Tomoyuki Abe (2016)
Ekologiczne aspekty lat nasiennych u drzew
Michał Bogdziewicz (2012)
10.1016/j.cois.2017.05.011
Wild bee nutritional ecology: predicting pollinator population dynamics, movement, and services from floral resources.
S. H. Woodard (2017)
Masting and insect pollination in the dioecious alpine herb aciphylla
L. Young (2006)
10.1101/171579
Correlated seed failure as an environmental veto to synchronize reproduction of masting plants
Michał Bogdziewicz (2017)
10.1111/ele.13171
Pollen limitation as a main driver of fruiting dynamics in oak populations.
Éliane Schermer (2019)
Feedback between models and data: A pollen coupling model about mast seeding
A. Satake (2007)
10.1139/CJFR-2015-0227
Fire effects on acorn production are consistent with the stored resource hypothesis for masting behavior
K. Funk (2016)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar