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The Middle Lamella-more Than A Glue.

M S Zamil, A. Geitmann
Published 2017 · Chemistry, Medicine
Referenced 1 time by Citationsy Users

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In plant tissues, cells are glued to each other by a pectic polysaccharide rich material known as middle lamella (ML). Along with many biological functions, the ML plays a crucial role in maintaining the structural integrity of plant tissues and organs, as it prevents the cells from separating or sliding against each other. The macromolecular organization and the material properties of the ML are different from those of the adjacent primary cell walls that envelop all plant cells and provide them with a stiff casing. Due to its nanoscale dimensions and the extreme challenge to access the structure for material characterization, the ML is poorly characterized in terms of its distinct material properties. This review explores the ML beyond its functionality as a gluing agent. The putative molecular interactions of constituent macromolecules within the ML and at the interface between ML and primary cell wall are discussed. The correlation between the spatiotemporal distribution of pectic polysaccharides in the different portions of the ML and the subcellular distribution of mechanical stresses within the plant tissue are analyzed.
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