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Standardized Static And Dynamic Evaluation Of Myocardial Tissue Properties.

Sherif Ramadan, N. Paul, Hani E Naguib
Published 2017 · Medicine, Materials Science

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INTRODUCTION Quantifying the mechanical behaviors of soft biological tissues is of considerable research interest. However, validity and reproducibility between different researchers and apparatus is questionable. This study aims to quantify the mechanical properties of myocardium while investigating methodologies that can standardize biological tissue testing. MATERIALS AND METHODS Tensile testing was performed to obtain Young's modulus and a dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) determined the viscoelastic properties. A frequency range of 0.5 Hz (30bpm) to 3.5 Hz (210bpm) was analyzed. For tensile testing three different preconditioning settings were tested: no load, 0.05 N preload, and a cyclic preload at 2.5% strain and 10 cycles. Samples were placed in saline and tested at 37 °C. Five ovine and five porcine hearts were tested. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Cyclic loading results in the most consistent moduli values. The modulus of ovine/porcine tissue was mean = 0.05/.06 MPa, SD = 0.02/0.03 MPa. The storage/loss modulus varied from = 0.02/0.003 MPa at 0.5 Hz to 0.04/0.008 MPa at 3.5 Hz; Stiffness increases linearly from 400 to 800 N m-1 with a tan delta around 0.175. CONCLUSIONS Static analysis of the mechanical properties of myocardial tissue confirms that; preconditioning is necessary for reproducibility, and DMA provides a platform for reproducible testing of soft biological tissues.
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