Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
Please confirm you are human
(Sign Up for free to never see this)
← Back to Search

The Role Of Premotor Cortex And The Supplementary Motor Area In The Temporal Control Of Movement In Man.

U. Halsband, N. Ito, J. Tanji, H. Freund
Published 1993 · Psychology, Medicine

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
In the present study temporal control of movement was systematically analysed in patients with unilateral lesions of the lateral or medial premotor cortex (PMC) or supplementary motor area (SMA) and in age-matched controls. The ability to learn new temporal adjustments was evaluated by examining rhythm reproduction using either the left or right hand or both hands in an alternating manner. A severe impairment in rhythm reproduction was found after lateral or medial PMC lesions; the deficit was most pronounced when our patients were required to use both hands in an alternating manner. The impairment occurred in the absence of difficulties in manual dexterity or impairments in discriminating the rhythm patterns. In a second series of experiments the contribution of the SMA in organizing movements in the time domain was examined. In this series, two patients with left-sided lesions, including the SMA but sparing tissue from the lateral hemispheric surface, and seven age-matched controls were requested to reproduce rhythm constellations in the presence of a sound signal and from memory. Results reveal that patients with left medial lesions involving the SMA had most severe difficulties to produce any rhythms from memory, though they were able to produce the rhythms under auditory pacing. This deficit in programming sequential patterns from memory in the time domain should be interpreted in the context of a decline in the ability to benefit from previous stimulus presentation, which prevents an effective later programming of these sequences when they have to be rehearsed from memory. It was found that patients with left SMA lesions had an increase in reaction time on a sequential digit task when sequences had to be produced under delayed conditions; by contrast, the controls showed a decrease of reaction time after previous stimulus presentation. The present findings extend previous knowledge on sequential motor tasks and argue for a critical role for both the SMA and the premotor cortex in the generation of sequences from memory that fit into a precise timing plan.



This paper is referenced by
10.1016/0028-3932(94)00125-9
Cerebellar volume asymmetries are related to handedness: A quantitative MRI study
P. Snyder (1995)
10.1111/j.1469-8986.2008.00772.x
Motor programming of rapid finger sequences: inferences from movement-related brain potentials.
H. Schröter (2009)
10.1371/journal.pone.0207213
Recruitment of the motor system during music listening: An ALE meta-analysis of fMRI data
C. Gordon (2018)
10.1016/S0926-6410(01)00104-5
The role of lateral premotor-cerebellar-parietal circuits in motor sequence control: a parametric fMRI study.
B. Haslinger (2002)
10.1161/01.STR.0000100166.81077.8A
Longitudinal Optical Imaging Study for Locomotor Recovery After Stroke
I. Miyai (2003)
10.1016/j.neuroimage.2007.08.044
Activities in the frontal cortex and gait performance are modulated by preparation. An fNIRS study
M. Suzuki (2008)
10.1037/a0021954
A heterogeneous population code for elapsed time in rat medial agranular cortex.
M. Matell (2011)
10.1177/0271678X20965161
Modulation of premotor cortex response to sequence motor learning during escitalopram intake.
E. Molloy (2020)
10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2016.09.022
Learning by observing: the effect of multiple sessions of action-observation training on the spontaneous movement tempo and motor resonance
G. Lagravinese (2017)
Contraste de música tonal vs música atonal: un análisis desde la perspectiva de la actividad cerebral (EEG)
Maria Ferrà Riera (2018)
10.1016/j.cortex.2017.08.015
Specific contributions of basal ganglia and cerebellum to the neural tracking of rhythm
S. Nozaradan (2017)
10.1016/0028-3932(95)00045-5
Increased corpus callosum size in musicians
G. Schlaug (1995)
10.1179/096979505799103812
Neurological Integration as It Relates to Learning Among Children Who Presented with Excess Bilirubin Levels at Birth
H. Naudé (2005)
10.1016/j.neuroimage.2005.06.022
Cortical activity in multiple motor areas during sequential finger movements: An application of independent component analysis
K. Kansaku (2005)
10.1152/JN.00775.2002
Neural networks for the coordination of the hands in time.
F. Ullén (2003)
10.1097/00006123-200205000-00009
Surgical Resection of Grade II Astrocytomas in the Superior Frontal Gyrus
A. Peraud (2002)
10.25710/YHV6-0V86
Large scale neural dynamics of rhythmic sensorimotor coordination and stability
J. Borrell (2010)
10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.10.052
Shared neural resources between left and right interlimb coordination skills: The neural substrate of abstract motor representations
S. Swinnen (2010)
10.3109/07420529908998709
Time perception and temporal processing levels of the brain.
M. Wittmann (1999)
10.1093/BRAIN/117.4.747
Frontal lobe atrophy in motor neuron diseases.
J. Kiernan (1994)
10.1007/s002210050805
Spatiotemporal reorganization of electrical activity in the human brain associated with a timing transition
J. M. Mayville (1999)
Bimanual coordination: electrophysiological and psychophysical study.
A. Gribova (2001)
Lateralisation of Parkinson symptoms and visuomotor control in gait
A. Hoorn (2014)
Effect of rhythmic auditory cueing on gait stability during treadmill walking: an experimental study in healthy individuals
P. Terrier (2012)
10.1007/s00221-003-1720-1
Influence of working memory on patterns of motor related cortico-cortical coupling
D. J. Serrien (2003)
Altered intrinsic brain activity in patients with paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia by PRRT2 mutation
S. Italia (2013)
Supraspinal control of walking : lessons from motor imagery
M. Bakker (2001)
10.1523/JNEUROSCI.16-11-03714.1996
Functional Anatomy of a Prelearned Sequence of Horizontal Saccades in Humans
L. Petit (1996)
10.1016/S0028-3932(00)00088-9
Recognition and imitation of pantomimed motor acts after unilateral parietal and premotor lesions: a perspective on apraxia
U. Halsband (2001)
10.1111/j.0953-816X.2004.03269.x
Dissociating brain regions controlling the temporal and ordinal structure of learned movement sequences
Sara L. Bengtsson (2004)
Effects Of Rhythmic Context on Time Perception in Individuals with Parkinson Disease
Nathaniel S. Miller (2010)
10.1152/JN.00734.2007
Decoding of temporal intervals from cortical ensemble activity.
M. Lebedev (2008)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar