Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Acorus Calamus Extract And Its Component α-asarone Attenuate Murine Hippocampal Neuronal Cell Death Induced By L-glutamate And Tunicamycin

Masashi Mikami, Ohba Takuya, Yuta Yoshino, Shinsuke Nakamura, Kenichi Ito, Hiroyuki Kojima, Tatsuji Takahashi, Arunasiri Iddamalgoda, Shintaro Inoue, Masamitsu Shimazawa, Hideaki Hara

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy Visualize in Litmaps
Reduce the time it takes to create your bibliography by a factor of 10 by using the world’s favourite reference manager
Time to take this seriously.
Get Citationsy
ABSTRACT The Asian traditional medicinal plant Acorus calamus and its component α-asarone exhibited various biological activities, such as antiinflammation and antioxidant effects. In the present study, we investigated the in vitro effects of A. calamus extract and α-asarone on oxidative stress- and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress–induced cell death in hippocampal HT22 cells. A. calamus extract and α-asarone both significantly suppressed cell death induced by the oxidative stress inducer l-glutamate and ER stress inducer tunicamycin. A. calamus extract and α-asarone also significantly reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production induced by l-glutamate. Moreover, A. calamus extract and α-asarone suppressed the phosphorylation of protein kinase RNA-like ER kinase (PERK) induced by tunicamycin. These results suggest that A. calamus extract and α-asarone protect hippocampal cells from oxidative stress and ER stress by decreasing ROS production and suppressing PERK signaling, respectively. α-Asarone has potential as a potent therapeutic candidate for neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease.