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Silicon Ameliorates Manganese Toxicity In Cucumber By Decreasing Hydroxyl Radical Accumulation In The Leaf Apoplast.
J. D. Dragišić Maksimović, M. Mojović, V. Maksimović, V. Römheld, M. Nikolić
Published 2012 · Chemistry, Medicine
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This work was focused on the role of silicon (Si) in amelioration of manganese (Mn) toxicity caused by elevated production of hydroxyl radicals (·OH) in the leaf apoplast of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). The plants were grown in nutrient solutions with adequate (0.5 μM) or excessive (100 μM) Mn concentrations with or without Si being supplied. The symptoms of Mn toxicity were absent in the leaves of Si-treated plants subjected to excess Mn, although the leaf Mn concentration remained extremely high. The apoplastic concentration of free Mn(2+) and H(2)O(2) of high Mn-treated plants was significantly decreased by Si treatment. Si supply suppressed the Mn-induced increased abundance of peroxidase (POD) isoforms in the leaf apoplastic fluid, and led to a rapid suppression of guaiacol-POD activity under excess Mn. The spin-trapping reagent 5-(diethoxyphosphoryl)-5-methyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide was used to detect ·OH by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. Although supplying Si markedly decreased the accumulation of ·OH in the leaf apoplast with excess Mn, adding monosilicic acid to the Mn(2+)/H(2)O(2) reaction mixture did not directly affect the Fenton reaction in vitro. The results indicate that Si contributes indirectly to a decrease in ·OH in the leaf apoplast by decreasing the free apoplastic Mn(2+), thus regulating the Fenton reaction. A direct inhibitory effect of Si on guaiacol-POD activity (demonstrated in vitro) may also contribute to decreasing the POD-mediated generation of ·OH.
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