Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Flavor Processing: More Than The Sum Of Its Parts

D. Small, M. Jones-Gotman, R. Zatorre, M. Petrides, Alan C. Evans
Published 1997 · Psychology, Medicine

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
WE used positron emission tomography to evaluate differential processing of olfactory, gustatory and combined olfactory and gustatory (flavor) stimuli as indicated by comparison of evoked cerebral blood flow (CBF) changes during these conditions. We found significant CBF decreases in primary gustatory and secondary gustatory and olfactory cortices during simultaneous presentation compared with independent presentations of identical stimuli, suggesting that flavor processing is not represented by a simple convergence of its component senses. Additionally, CBF increases in the amygdala and basal forebrain were observed in a mismatched flavor condition versus a matched flavor condition, suggesting a role for these structures in processing novel or unpleasant stimuli.
This paper references
Gustatory, olfactory, and visual convergence within the primate orbitofrontal cortex
E. Rolls (1994)
Visual-visual associative learning and reward-association learning in monkeys: the role of the amygdala
D. Gaffan (1989)
Role of noradrenaline and serotonin in the basolateral region of the amygdala in food preferences and learned taste aversions in the rat
F. Borsini (1984)
Differential facial responses to four basic tastes in newborns.
D. Rosenstein (1988)
Hunger Modulates the Responses to Gustatory Stimuli of Single Neurons in the Caudolateral Orbitofrontal Cortex of the Macaque Monkey
E. Rolls (1989)
We thank the technical staff of the McConnel Brain Imaging Unit and of the Medical Cyclotron for their invaluable assistance and Dr Paul Cummings and Dr Thomas Scott for their helpful insights
M Jones-Gotman
Co-Planar Stereotaxic Atlas of the Human Brain—3-Dimensional Proportional System: An Approach to Cerebral Imaging, J. Talairach, P. Tournoux. Georg Thieme Verlag, New York (1988), 122 pp., 130 figs. DM 268
M. J. Torrens (1990)
The Hedonics of taste
R. Bolles (1991)
The perception of odor.
R. R. Anholt (1991)
Separating the contributions of smells and tastes in flavor perception
Hornung De (1989)
Double dissociations of the effects of amygdala and insular cortex lesions on conditioned taste aversion, passive avoidance, and neophobia in the rat using the excitotoxin ibotenic acid.
L. T. Dunn (1988)
Rapid Automated Algorithm for Aligning and Reslicing PET Images
R. Woods (1992)
Taste, smell and pleasure
LM Bartoshuk (1991)

This paper is referenced by
Gustatory agnosia
D. Small (2005)
Central Processing of the Chemical Senses: an Overview.
J. Lundström (2011)
Cortical activation induced by intraoral stimulation with water in humans.
D. Zald (2000)
Sensory experience of food and obesity: a positron emission tomography study of the brain regions affected by tasting a liquid meal after a prolonged fast
A. D. Parigi (2005)
Chapter 6 The chemical senses
J. Gottfried (2006)
Functional neuroimaging of the olfactory system in humans.
D. Zald (2000)
Novel psychophysical and electrophysiological tools to assess human olfactory function and evaluation of their potential for an early diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease
C. Huart (2014)
Sensory Interactions between Cheese Aroma and Taste
Jun Niimi (2015)
Involvement of right piriform cortex in olfactory familiarity judgments
J. Plailly (2005)
Evidence from neuroimaging and neuropsychology
I. Apperly (2010)
Thermal taster status: Evidence of cross‐modal integration
J. Hort (2016)
Neural Responses during Anticipation of a Primary Taste Reward
J. O'Doherty (2002)
A salty‐congruent odor enhances saltiness: Functional magnetic resonance imaging study
H. Seo (2013)
Prefrontal Control Over Occipital Responses to Crossmodal Overlap Varies Across the Congruency Spectrum.
J. Lundström (2018)
Real-Time Release of Volatile and Non-Volatile Components from Chewing Gum Using a Mechanical Chewing Device
A. J. Krause (2010)
Chemosensory Function in Patients With Vagal Nerve Stimulators
A. Kirchner (2004)
Basic taste processing recruits bilateral anteroventral and middle dorsal insulae: An activation likelihood estimation meta‐analysis of fMRI studies
Andy Wai Kan Yeung (2017)
Retronasal perception of odors
V. Bojanowski (2012)
Roles of Taste in Feeding and Reward
T. Yamamoto (2008)
Dissociation of Neural Representation of Intensity and Affective Valuation in Human Gustation
D. Small (2003)
Food for thought: hedonic experience beyond homeostasis in the human brain
M. Kringelbach (2004)
The hedonic brain: A functional neuroanatomy of human pleasure.
M. Kringelbach (2010)
Functional Organization of the Human Gustatory Cortex
M. Kobayashi (2006)
A Proposed Model of a Flavor Modality
D. Small (2012)
Disrupted Odor Perception
T. Hummel (2017)
Improved methods for fMRI studies of combined taste and aroma stimuli
L. Marciani (2006)
Pratiques parentales coercitives, anxiété et traitement de la peur chez les jeunes en bonne santé: corrélats neuronaux, biologiques, physiologiques et comportementaux
Valérie La Buissonnière Ariza (2016)
The Neuroscience of Flavor
C. Spence (2016)
On the scent of human olfactory orbitofrontal cortex: Meta-analysis and comparison to non-human primates
J. Gottfried (2005)
Human odor identification studied in healthy individuals, mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease
Grete Kjelvik (2012)
Olfactory priming leads to faster sound localization
V. Buissonnière-Ariza (2012)
Odor-taste interactions: effects of attentional strategies during exposure.
J. Prescott (2004)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar