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Incidence And Consequence Of An Hepatic Artery Injury In Patients With Postcholecystectomy Bile Duct Strictures

A. Alvès, O. Farges, J. Nicolet, T. Watrin, A. Sauvanet, J. Belghiti
Published 2003 · Medicine

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Objective To compare the clinical presentation and results of treatment of postcholecystectomy bile duct injuries in patients with and without arterial injuries. Summary Background Data Incidence and impact of arterial injuries in patients with a postcholecystectomy biliary injury are unknown, although they are claimed to increase the risk of septic complications, difficulty of biliary repair and risk of recurrent stricture. Methods Fifty-five patients referred for postcholecystectomy biliary strictures and who underwent surgical repair were prospectively evaluated by celiac and superior mesenteric angiography. Circumstance and presenting symptoms of the biliary injury in patients with and without vascular injury as well as intra- and postoperative outcome in the 43 patients who underwent a Hepp–Couinaud biliary repair were compared. Results Incidence of vascular injury was 47%, the most frequent of which was right-sided hepatic artery disruptions (36%). Indication of cholecystectomy (cholecystitis, 42 vs. 45%), technique of resection (laparoscopy, 80 vs. 79%) as well as delay of recognition and presenting symptom of the biliary injury were comparable in patients with and without vascular injury. Among patients undergoing a biliary repair, the level of the biliary injury (Bismuth's type III or IV 63% vs. 54%), duration of surgery, and incidence of postoperative complications (21 vs. 21%) were also comparable in patients with and without arterial injury. One patient in each group experienced recurrent biliary stricture. Conclusions The discovery of a disruption of the right branch of the hepatic artery should not affect management of the biliary stricture when if a Hepp–Couinaud repair is performed.
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