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Rhodococcus Chlorophenolicus Sp. Nov. A Chlorophenol-Mineralizing Actinomycete

J. Apajalahti, P. Kärpänoja, M. Salkinoja-Salonen
Published 1986 · Biology

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Strain PCP-I, which was isolated from a pentachlorophenol-mineralizing mixed culture, had the following characteristics of the actinomycetes assigned to the genus Rhodococcus: DL-diaminopimelic acid, arabinose, and galactose as cell wall constituents; major menaquinone with nine isoprenoid units and one hydrogenated double bond (MK-9H2); mycolic acids containing 33 to 43 carbon atoms; and a marked rod-to-coccus cycle during growth. None of the previously described species of Rhodococcus contains both MK-9H2 and mycolic acids of this size, and, unlike other rhodococci, strain PCP-I utilizes rhamnose, inositol, and sorbitol. Based on these properties, we believe that strain PCP-I represents a new Rhodococcus species. We propose the name Rhodococcus chlorophenolicus for this new species because of its ability to degrade several chlorophenols. The type strain is strain PCP-I (= DSM 43826).
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