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Developmental Atlas Of White Lupin Cluster Roots

Cécilia Gallardo, Bárbara Hufnagel, Alexandre Soriano, Fanchon Divol, Laurence Marquès, Patrick Doumas, Benjamin Péret

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AbstractDuring the course of evolution, plants have developed various strategies to improve micronutrient acquisition, such as cluster roots. These spectacular structures are dedicated to efficient phosphate remobilization and acquisition. When exposed to Pi-limitation, white lupin forms cluster roots made of dense clusters of short specialized roots, called rootlets. Although the physiological activity of rootlets has been well studied, their development remains poorly described. Here, we provide a developmental atlas of white lupin early rootlet development, using molecular markers derived from the model plant Arabidopsis. We first focused on cell division patterns to determine which cells contribute to the rootlet primordium. Then, we identified homologs of previously described tissue specific genes based on protein sequence analysis and also using detailed transcriptomic data covering rootlet development. This study provides a comprehensive description of the developmental phases of rootlet formation, highlighting that rootlet primordium arises from divisions in pericycle, endodermis and cortex. We describe that rootlet primordium patterning follows eight stages during which tissue differentiation is established progressively.HighlightWhite lupin cluster roots consist in the formation of numerous rootlets whose development can be divided in 8 stages and involves divisions in the pericycle, endodermis and cortex.