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Pathway Of Phloem Unloading Of Sucrose In Corn Roots.
Published 1983 · Biology, Medicine
The pathway of phloem unloading and the metabolism of translocated sucrose were determined in corn (Zea mays) seedling roots. Several lines of evidence show that exogenous sucrose, unlike translocated sucrose, is hydrolyzed in the apoplast prior to uptake into the root cortical cells. These include (a) presence of cell wall invertase activity which represents 20% of the total tissue activity; (b) similarity in uptake and metabolism of [(14)C]sucrose and [(14)C]hexoses; and (c) randomization of (14)C within the hexose moieties of intracellular sucrose following accumulation of [(14)C] (fructosyl)sucrose. Conversely, translocated sucrose does not undergo apoplastic hydrolysis during unloading. Asymmetrically labeled sucrose ([(14)C](fructose)sucrose), translocated from the germinating kernels to the root, remained intact indicating a symplastic pathway for unloading. In addition, isolated root protoplasts and vacuoles were used to demonstrate that soluble invertase activity (V(max) = 29 micromoles per milligram protein per hour, K(m) = 4 millimolar) was located mainly in the vacuole, suggesting that translocated sucrose entered via the symplasm and was hydrolyzed at the vacuole prior to metabolism.