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The Root Hair “Infectome” Of Medicago Truncatula Uncovers Changes In Cell Cycle Genes And Reveals A Requirement For Auxin Signaling In Rhizobial Infection[W][OPEN]
A. Breakspear, Chengwu Liu, Sonali Roy, N. Stacey, C. Rogers, M. Trick, Giulia Morieri, K. Mysore, J. Wen, G. Oldroyd, J. Downie, J. Murray
Published 2014 · Biology, Medicine
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Transcriptome profiling of M. truncatula root hairs during the initial stages of rhizobial infection helps to interpret two decades of research on Medicago and provides a foundation for future studies on host-symbiont interactions in the rhizosphere. Nitrogen-fixing rhizobia colonize legume roots via plant-made intracellular infection threads. Genetics has identified some genes involved but has not provided sufficient detail to understand requirements for infection thread development. Therefore, we transcriptionally profiled Medicago truncatula root hairs prior to and during the initial stages of infection. This revealed changes in the responses to plant hormones, most notably auxin, strigolactone, gibberellic acid, and brassinosteroids. Several auxin responsive genes, including the ortholog of Arabidopsis thaliana Auxin Response Factor 16, were induced at infection sites and in nodule primordia, and mutation of ARF16a reduced rhizobial infection. Associated with the induction of auxin signaling genes, there was increased expression of cell cycle genes including an A-type cyclin and a subunit of the anaphase promoting complex. There was also induction of several chalcone O-methyltransferases involved in the synthesis of an inducer of Sinorhizobium meliloti nod genes, as well as a gene associated with Nod factor degradation, suggesting both positive and negative feedback loops that control Nod factor levels during rhizobial infection. We conclude that the onset of infection is associated with reactivation of the cell cycle as well as increased expression of genes required for hormone and flavonoid biosynthesis and that the regulation of auxin signaling is necessary for initiation of rhizobial infection threads.
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The Rhizobium–Plant Symbiosis: State of the Art
Nitin Kumar (2020)
Isoflavone malonyl-CoA acyltransferase GmMaT2 is involved in nodulation of soybean (Glycine max) by modifying synthesis and secretion of isoflavones.
Muhammad Zulfiqar Ahmad (2020)
Brassinosteroids play multiple roles in nodulation of pea via interactions with ethylene and auxin
Peter McGuiness (2020)
A Nod factor- and type III secretion system-dependent manner for Robinia pseudoacacia to establish symbiosis with Mesorhizobium amorphae CCNWGS0123.
Haibo Huo (2020)
The intensity of ethylene release by soybean plants under the influence of fungicides in the early stages of legume-rhizobial symbiosis
T. P. Mamenko (2020)
Plant transcriptome analysis reveals specific molecular interactions between alfalfa and its rhizobial symbionts below the species level
Wenjuan Kang (2020)
Evolution of NIN and NIN-like Genes in Relation to Nodule Symbiosis
J. Liu (2020)
Molecular Basis of Root Nodule Symbiosis between Bradyrhizobium and ‘Crack-Entry’ Legume Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)
Vinay Sharma (2020)
A Roadmap toward Engineered Nitrogen-Fixing Nodule Symbiosis
R. Huisman (2020)
Lotus japonicus Nuclear Factor YA1, a nodule emergence stage‐specific regulator of auxin signalling
Arina Shrestha (2020)
Multi-species relationships in legume roots: From pairwise legume-symbiont interactions to the plant - microbiome - soil continuum.
M. Tsiknia (2020)
Biotechnological Perspectives of Omics and Genetic Engineering Methods in Alfalfa
Miroslava Hrbáčková (2020)See more