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Senescence-specific Regulation Of Catalases In Arabidopsis Thaliana (L.) Heynh.

P. Zimmermann, Christina Heinlein, G. Orendi, U. Zentgraf
Published 2006 · Medicine, Biology

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Oxygen free radicals are thought to play an essential role in senescence, especially those derived from peroxisomes. Therefore, the activities of different isoforms of the peroxisomal hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-scavenging enzyme catalase (CAT) were analysed during senescence of Arabidopsis. CAT2 activity decreased with bolting time parallel with cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase 1 (APX1) activity before loss of chlorophyll could be measured. At the same time point, the H2O2 content increased. Subsequently, the stress-inducible CAT3 isoform was activated and APX1 activity was recovered, accompanied by a decline of the H2O2 content. In very late stages, low activities of the seed-specific CAT1 became detectable in leaves, but H2O2 increased again. Further analyses of CAT expression by promoter: beta-glucuronidase (GUS) fusions in transgenic plants revealed a vasculature-specific CAT3 expression, whereas CAT2 expression turned out to be specific for photosynthetic active tissues. CAT2 expression is down-regulated during leaf senescence, while CAT3 expression is induced with age and corresponds to an accumulation of H2O2 in the vascular bundles. CAT2 down-regulation on the transcriptional level appears as the initial step in creating the H2O2 peak during bolting time, while the decrease in APX1 activity might only be a secondary and amplifying effect.
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