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Specific Programs Of Myosin Expression In The Postnatal Development Of Rat Muscles.

A. D'albis, R. Couteaux, C. Janmot, Alain Roulet
Published 1989 · Biology, Medicine

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The expression of myosin during postnatal development was studied in a dozen muscles of the rat. All muscles displayed the usual sequential transitions from embryonic to neonatal and to adult isomyosins. However, we observed that these transitions did not take place uniformly. Thus, half-transition times for the appearance of the adult intermediate and fast myosin extended from seven days for diaphragm, the most precocious muscle of all those examined, to 23 days for male rat masseter. Besides the large differences between their half-transition times, we noticed that the transition curves displayed different slopes, covering different periods. Differences between muscles mainly affected the neonatal-to-adult transition rather than the embryonic-to-neonatal transition, since the embryonic-type myosin disappeared from all muscles examined except for one, at about the same time, by the end of the first week after birth. In addition, the appearance of slow myosin varied for each muscle and did not follow curves parallel to those for intermediate and fast myosins. These results indicate that each muscle of the rat is subjected to a specific program of myosin isoform transitions during postnatal development.
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