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Construct Validity Of Rizzo Et Al.‘s (1970) Role Conflict And Ambiguity Scales: A Multisample Study

V. González-romá, S. Lloret
Published 1998 · Psychology

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La validite de construction des echelles de Rizzo, House, et Lirtzman (1970) a ete fortement critiquee ces dernieres annees. Les critiques portent sur la formulation des items qui constituent ces echelles, ce qui fait que l'interpretation des echelles depend totalement de la formulation des items. Ces critiques ont favorise l'emergence d'autres modeles factoriels. La duplication elargie de Kelloway et Barling (1990), l'analyse factorielle destinee a confirmer la validite des echelles de Rizzo et al. et une echelle de surcharge des roles avec des items formules a la fois affirmativement et negativement furent utilisees pour eprouver la validite de construction des echelles d'ambiguite et de conflit de roles. Cinq modeles factoriels possibles furent compares sur deux echantillons (N 1 = 173 et N 2 = 273). Un modele qui propose trois facteurs de premier ordre compatibles avec des interpretations independantes des conflits de role et de la surcharge des roles, et un facteur de second ordre concernant le stress des roles en general correspondait mieux aux donnees que les quatre autres modeles dans les deux echantillons, confirmant ainsi la validite de construction des echelles.
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