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The Psychology Of The Employment Relationship: An Analysis Based On The Psychological Contract

David E. Guest
Published 2004 · Sociology

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On esquisse des perspectives conduisant a des changements dans les relations de travail et a la necessite d’elaborer un cadre conceptuel convenant au monde actuel. La notion de contrat psychologique represente un modele utile et l’on resume plusieurs etudes qui ont l’ont adoptee pour aborder certains aspects des relations de travail. A partir de ces investigations, on montre que le contrat psychologique doit etre elargi pour accorder davantage de poids au contexte et a ce qui est decrit comme relevant du contenu meme de ce contrat, a savoir les idees d’equite et de confiance qui resident au cœur des relations de travail. On presente un programme pour de futures recherches exploitant ce modele. Developments are outlined that are leading to changes in employment relations and to the need for a conceptual framework that has contemporary relevance. It is proposed that the psychological contract provides a useful framework, and different studies that have adopted the psychological contract to study aspects of employment relations are outlined. Building on these, it is argued that the psychological contract needs extending to give greater weight to context and to what is described as the state of the psychological contract, incorporating issues of fairness and trust that lie at the heart of employment relations. Based on this model, an agenda for future research is presented.
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