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University Industry Relationships And Open Innovation: Towards A Research Agenda

M. Perkmann, K. Walsh
Published 2007 · Sociology

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Organizations increasingly rely on external sources of innovation via inter-organizational network relationships. This paper explores the diffusion and characteristics of collaborative relationships between universities and industry, and develops a research agenda informed by an open innovation perspective. A framework is proposed, distinguishing university industry relationships from other mechanisms such as technology transfer or human mobility. On the basis of the existing body of research, the role of practices such as collaborative research, university industry research centres, contract research and academic consulting is analysed. The evidence suggests that such university industry relationships are widely practised, whereby differences exist across industries and scientific disciplines. While most existing research focuses on the effects of university industry links on innovation-specific variables such as patents or firm innovativeness, the organizational dynamics of these relationships remain under-researched. A detailed research agenda addresses research needs in two main areas: search and match processes between universities and firms, and the organization and management of collaborative relationships.
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