Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Ego Functioning Predicts First‐year Status In Adults With Anorexia Nervosa And Bulimia Nervosa

S. Sohlberg, C. Norring
Published 1989 · Psychology, Medicine

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
ABSTRACT— Severe personality disturbance is a feature that possibly explains chronicity in eating disorders, a largely inexplicable development in terms of previously investigated factors. We tested this hypothesis in a group of 41 anorectics and bulimics with ratings of 13 ego functions and of status at 1‐year follow‐up. Patients who stiil were preoccupied with weight or shape and had a DSM‐111‐R eating disorder at follow‐up had more severe ego disturbance at initial presentation than those who were free from sympioms. The relevance of demographics, syndromal diagnosis and clinical factors other than ego functioning was limited. The importance of ego functioning for prognosis in eating disorders thus appears to overshadow that of several factors that have been extensively cited in the literature.
This paper references
An empirically derived typology of anorexia nervosa
M Strober
10.1001/ARCHPSYC.1976.01770060086012
The global assessment scale. A procedure for measuring overall severity of psychiatric disturbance.
J. Endicott (1976)
[The anorexia nervosa syndrome].
G. Ehle (1981)
10.1097/00006254-198508000-00014
Anorexia nervosa: long-term outcome in 50 female patients.
A. Hall (1984)
Anorexia nervosa: its entity as an illness and its treatment.
Szmukler Gl (1982)
10.1097/00006254-196612000-00007
ANOREXIA NERVOSA AND ITS DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS
H. Bruch (1965)
10.1176/ajp.133.3.353-a
Borderline Conditions and Pathological Narcissism
G. Adler (1976)
10.1016/0191-8869(80)90028-8
A research scale for the assessment of psychopathy in criminal populations
R. Hare (1980)
10.1111/j.1600-0447.1988.tb06386.x
Eating Disorder Inventory in Sweden: description, cross‐cultural comparison, and clinical utility
C. Norring (1988)
10.1001/ARCHPSYC.1961.01710120031004
An inventory for measuring depression.
A. Beck (1961)
10.1017/S0033291700056981
Value of family background and clinical features as predictors of long-term outcome in anorexia nervosa: four-year follow-up study of 41 patients.
H. G. Morgan (1975)
Direct observation in clincal psychol
JD Cone (1980)
10.1002/1098-108X(198709)6:5<639::AID-EAT2260060507>3.0.CO;2-L
Concerning the use of weight tables to categorize patients with eating disorders
A. Drewnowski (1987)
Dynamic psychiatry (in Swedish)
J. Cullberg (1984)
10.1192/BJP.156.1.92
Outcome and prognosis of anorexia nervosa. A retrospective study of 41 subjects.
J. Rosenvinge (1990)
Long-term followup of anorexia nervosa
BB Toner (1986)
10.4324/9781410600455
A primer of multivariate statistics
R. Harris (1975)
Swedish socioeconomic classification
(1982)
10.1001/ARCHPSYC.1986.01800080072010
An empirically validated hierarchy of defense mechanisms.
G. Vaillant (1986)
Anorexia Nervosa: Recent Developments in Research
J. Krystal (1984)
10.1016/B978-0-08-032704-4.50063-2
OUTCOME AND PROGNOSIS IN ANOREXIA NERVOSA AND BULIMIA: SOME RESULTS OF PREVIOUS INVESTIGATIONS, COMPARED WITH THOSE OF A SWEDISH LONG-TERM STUDY
S. Theander (1986)
10.1097/00006842-198609000-00007
Long‐term follow‐up of anorexia nervosa.
B. Toner (1986)
10.1007/BF00915954
Locus of control, psychopathology, and weight gain in Juvenile anorexia nervosa
M. Strober (1982)
10.2307/2283756
Computational Handbook of Statistics
J. Bruning (1968)
10.1002/1098-108X(198424)3:2<3::AID-EAT2260030203>3.0.CO;2-6
Stressful life events associated with bulimia in anorexia nervosa. Empirical findings and theoretical speculations
M. Strober (1984)
lnitial consultation for patients with bulimia and anorexia nervosa
C. Johnson (1984)
Direct observation in clincal psychology
J D Cone (1982)
10.1002/1098-108X(198322)2:4<101::AID-EAT2260020417>3.0.CO;2-U
Denial of illness and the use of self‐reporting measures in anorexia nervosa patients
Walter Vanderdeycken (1983)
10.1002/1098-108X(198321)2:3<17::AID-EAT2260020303>3.0.CO;2-Z
EEC findings in patients with the bulimia syndrome
J. Mitchell (1983)
10.1001/ARCHPSYC.1980.01780220079009
Outcome of anorexia nervosa. A review of the literature (1954 to 1978).
L. Hsu (1980)
10.1192/BJP.143.3.282
Management and outcome in anorexia nervosa. A standardized prognostic study.
H. G. Morgan (1983)
10.1037/023525
The Broad Scope of Ego Function Assessment
L. Bellak (1984)
10.1016/0022-3999(84)90071-0
Moderation of bulimia.
J. Lacey (1984)
10.1097/00005053-198905000-00001
Impulsivity and Long‐Term Prognosis of Psychiatric Patients with Anorexia Nervosa/Bulimia Nervosa
S. Sohlberg (1989)
10.1002/1098-108X(198703)6:2<293::AID-EAT2260060212>3.0.CO;2-8
The premature dropout in the group treatment of bulimia
Cheryl A. Merrill (1987)
SAS user's guide: statistics, version 5 edition
Sas Institute (1985)
10.1002/1098-108X(198321)2:2<15::AID-EAT2260020203>3.0.CO;2-6
Development and validation of a multidimensional eating disorder inventory for anorexia nervosa and bulimia.
D. Garner (1983)
10.1176/APPI.PSYCHOTHERAPY.1976.30.3.499
Ego Functions in Schizophrenics, Neurotics, and Normals
Hamlin A. Starks (1976)
10.1002/1098-108X(199001)9:1<79::AID-EAT2260090109>3.0.CO;2-E
The factor structure of the eating disorder inventory in a patient setting
G. Welch (1990)
10.1016/S0140-6736(79)90060-6
OUTCOME OF ANOREXIA NERVOSA
L. Hsu (1979)
The future of eating disorders. BASH, Inc Monthly Magazine
I Garfinkel (1987)
10.1016/0022-3956(85)90059-7
Outcome and prognosis in anorexia nervosa and bulimia: some results of previous investigations, compared with those of a Swedish long-term study.
S. Theander (1985)



This paper is referenced by
10.1037/H0079502
Borderline Personality Organization and Prognosis in Eating Disorders
C. Norring (1993)
Predicting pathological eating patterns based on the primary object-relations and personality organization
A. Monajem (2020)
10.1111/J.1467-6427.1995.TB00006.X
Using the Milan approach in the inpatient management of anorexia nervosa (varying the 'invariant prescription')
F. J. Vaz-Leal (1995)
10.1111/j.1600-0447.1992.tb03287.x
Associations between self‐induced vomiting and personality disorder in patients with a history of anorexia nervosa
J. Dowson (1992)
10.1093/med:psych/9780192632654.001.0001
The Psychology of Bulimia Nervosa: A Cognitive Perspective
M. Cooper (2003)
10.1017/S0033291700038538
A quantitative study of body-related attitudes in patients with anorexia and bulimia nervosa.
D. Ben-Tovim (1992)
10.1097/00004583-199311000-00018
Psychological characteristics and DSM-III-R diagnoses at 6-year follow-up of adolescent anorexia nervosa.
C. Smith (1993)
10.1024//1422-4917.27.3.207
Rückfälle im Krankheitsverlauf der Anorexia nervosa
B. Lay (1999)
10.1007/978-3-642-76634-3_5
Follow-up of Males with Eating Disorders
A. Andersen (1992)
Earing disorders and IDDM cases of eating disorders that had been treated between 1960 and 1984 at the Psychiatric and Child Psychiatric Clinics at Rigshospitalet
M. Rodin (2010)
10.13109/ZPTM.1999.45.1.57
Welche Bedeutung haben narzißtische Selbst-Störungen für die Prognose der Anorexia und Bulimia nervosa?
T. Andreas (1999)
10.1002/1098-108X(199209)12:2<121::AID-EAT2260120202>3.0.CO;2-Y
Prediction of the course of anorexia nervosa/bulimia nervosa over three years
S. Sohlberg (1992)
10.1007/978-3-642-76634-3_22
Ego Strength, Object Relations, and Life Events as Outcome Predictors in Restricting Anorexia Nervosa and Normal-Weight Bulimia Nervosa
S. Sohlberg (1992)
10.1080/10640269508249146
Serotonin Dysregulation and Psychopathology in Anorexia Nervosa and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
M. Solanto (1995)
10.1016/S0022-3999(98)00017-8
Outcome of bulimia nervosa: prognostic indicators.
F. J. Vaz (1998)
10.1007/s40519-016-0265-9
A comprehensive review of psychodynamic treatments for eating disorders
G. Abbate-Daga (2016)
10.1002/(SICI)1099-0968(199911)7:5<362::AID-ERV296>3.0.CO;2-0
The rating of anorexia and bulimia (RAB) interview: development and preliminary validation
D. Clinton (1999)
10.1521/JAAP.1.1994.22.2.299
Eating disorders, female psychology, and the self.
J. D. de Groot (1994)
10.1111/j.1600-0447.1993.tb03401.x
Outcome, recovery, relapse and mortality across six years in patients with clinical eating disorders
C. Norring (1993)
10.1111/j.1600-0447.1990.tb11081.x
Personality, life stress and the course of eating disorders
S. Sohlberg (1990)
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar