Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Impact On Firms Of The Use Of Knowledge External Sources: A Systematic Review Of The Literature

C. Vivas, Andrés Barge-Gil
Published 2015 · Economics

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
This study summarizes the main conclusions from a systematic review of the empirical literature regarding the impact on firms of the use of knowledge external sources (universities, research institutes and knowledge intensive business services). With the aim to organize the literature, we classify the different works according to the research question addressed: (i) which firms use knowledge external sources?; (ii) Do firms using knowledge external sources achieve better results?; And (iii) which firms benefit the most from using knowledge external sources? Stylized facts are that larger, more R&D intensive and high tech firms are more likely to use knowledge external sources and that use of knowledge external sources is associated to firms higher technical results. Less attention has been paid to the third question and evidence is not conclusive. Several recommendations for future research emerge. First, to take in greater consideration methodological issues so that potential biases in the results caused by sample selection and endogeneity are handled properly. Second, to pay more attention to heterogeneous outcomes. Third, to use continuous indicators of depth and breadth of links allowing for non-linear relationships and fourth, to extend evidence for developing countries and service industries.
This paper references
10.1504/IJTM.2012.047252
Strategic R&D alliance factors that impact innovation success in the biotechnology industry
Kelly Y. Kim (2012)
The use and impact of business advice by SMEs in Britain
P.J.A (2000)
10.1111/1467-8551.00375
Towards a Methodology for Developing Evidence-Informed Management Knowledge by Means of Systematic Review
D. Tranfield (2003)
10.1016/J.IJINDORG.2006.09.006
Determinants of R&D cooperation: Evidence from Spanish manufacturing firms
A. López (2008)
10.1016/J.TECHNOVATION.2007.07.006
The choice of partners in R&D cooperation: An empirical analysis of Spanish firms
N. Arranz (2008)
10.1016/S0048-7333(01)00172-X
Who co-operates for innovation, and why: An empirical analysis
B. Tether (2002)
10.1016/J.TECHNOVATION.2009.05.001
Network embeddedness and technology transfer performance in R&D consortia in Taiwan
J. Lin (2009)
10.1016/J.TECHFORE.2013.05.007
The impact of technology intermediaries on firm cognitive capacity additionality
Mirjam Knockaert (2014)
10.1093/ICC/DTP023
Does external knowledge sourcing matter for innovation? Evidence from the Spanish manufacturing industry
J. Vega-Jurado (2009)
10.1016/J.TECHNOVATION.2009.08.003
Relationship between cooperation networks and innovation performance of SMEs
S. Zeng (2010)
10.1111/j.1467-9957.2011.02276.x
The Impact of Higher Education Institution–Firm Knowledge Links on Establishment�?Level Productivity in British Regions
R. Harris (2013)
10.1080/0898562042000338598
An evaluation of public support measures for private external consultancies to SMEs in the Walloon Region of Belgium
J. Lambrecht (2005)
10.2139/ssrn.671644
Complementarity in R&D Cooperation Strategies
René A. Belderbos (2005)
10.1080/00036840121626
Government advice networks for SMEs: an assessment of the influence of local context on Business Link use, impact and satisfaction
R. Bennett (2001)
10.1016/J.RESPOL.2008.10.007
External technology sourcing and innovation performance in LMT sectors: An analysis based on the Taiwanese Technological Innovation Survey
Kuen-Hung Tsai (2009)
Technological collaboration : bridging the innovation gap between small and large firms
L. S. Sánchez (2006)
10.1016/J.RESPOL.2008.10.023
Absorptive capacity and the search for innovation
Kira R. Fabrizio (2009)
10.1080/09537325.2013.823148
How does cooperative innovation affect innovation performance? Evidence from Chinese firms
X. M. Xie (2013)
10.1007/s11151-008-9179-7
Empirical Evidence on the Success of R&D Cooperation—Happy Together?
B. Aschhoff (2008)
Universities as research partners
B. H. Hall (2003)
10.1080/00343400601142704
Industry–University Interactions in a Peripheral European Region: An Empirical Study of Valencian Firms
Adela García-Aracil (2008)
One size fits all?: Towards a differentiated regional innovation policy
F. 947–967. Tödtling (2005)
10.1016/J.JBUSRES.2013.02.027
Open innovation: Factors explaining universities as service firm innovation sources ☆
P. Janeiro (2013)
10.1016/S0048-7333(99)00115-8
Who cooperates on R&D?
M. Fritsch (2001)
10.1007/S10961-006-9001-3
Does knowledge diffusion between university and industry increase innovativeness?
H. Lööf (2008)
10.1016/J.RESPOL.2008.05.003
Sources of innovation and industry–university interaction: Evidence from Spanish firms
Agustí Segarra-Blasco (2008)
10.1016/J.RESPOL.2007.10.007
R&D Internationalization, R&D Collaboration and Public Knowledge Institutions in Small Economies Evidence from Finland and the Netherlands
C. P. Beers (2008)
10.1016/J.TECHNOVATION.2009.11.004
Cooperation-based innovators and peripheral cooperators: An empirical analysis of their characteristics and behavior
Andrés Barge-Gil (2009)
10.1080/00036840701579184
Paying fees for government business advice: an assessment of Business Link experience
Paul Robson (2010)
10.1093/CJE/BES013
Innovation and university collaboration: paradox and complexity within the knowledge economy
J. Howells (2012)
10.1111/j.1468-2370.2007.00225.x
University Industry Relationships and Open Innovation: Towards a Research Agenda
M. Perkmann (2007)
Collaborative R&D. How effective is it
D. Mowery (1999)
10.1111/J.1540-5885.2007.00238.X
The Relative Importance of Interfirm Relationships and Knowledge Transfer for New Product Development Success
M. Knudsen (2007)
10.1007/S11151-008-9164-1
Is there any Impact of University–Industry Knowledge Transfer on Innovation and Productivity? An Empirical Analysis Based on Swiss Firm Data
Spyros Arvanitis (2008)
10.1016/J.RESPOL.2004.07.003
Cooperative R&D and Firm Performance
René A. Belderbos (2004)
10.2139/ssrn.1533440
Why Do Management Practices Differ Across Firms and Countries?
N. Bloom (2010)
10.1007/S10961-009-9132-4
The impact of research and technology organizations on firm competitiveness. Measurement and determinants
Andrés Barge-Gil (2011)
10.1080/09537320120088183
Choosing Between Internal and Non-internal R&D Activities: Some Technological and Economic Factors
R. Narula (2001)
10.1016/J.RESPOL.2012.03.026
Best channels of academia–industry interaction for long-term benefit
Claudia De Fuentes (2012)
10.1111/j.1467-6419.2012.00738.x
Assessing the Effect of Public Subsidies on Firm R&D Investment: A Survey
José �?ngel Zúñiga�?Vicente (2014)
10.1177/0266242609338755
Assessing the Effectiveness of Business Support Services in England
K. Mole (2009)
10.2139/ssrn.204848
Markets for Technology and Their Implications for Corporate Strategy
A. Arora (2000)
10.1007/BF00214831
Protection, promotion and cooperation in the European semiconductor industry
S. Martin (1996)
10.1007/s11192-007-1857-y
The impact of R&D collaboration on innovative performance in Korea: A Bayesian network approach
Hyukjoon Kim (2007)
10.1068/c0711
Differential Gains from Business Link Support and Advice: A Treatment Effects Approach
K. Mole (2008)
10.1016/S0166-4972(03)00113-5
Sources of information as determinants of novelty of innovation in manufacturing firms: evidence from the 1999 statistics Canada innovation survey
N. Amara (2005)
10.1016/J.IJINDORG.2005.01.008
R&D Cooperation between Firms and Universities: Some Empirical Evidence from Belgian Manufacturing
B. Cassiman (2003)
10.1111/1467-9310.00049
The contribution of external service inputs to the product development efforts of small manufacturing firms
A. Macpherson (1997)
10.1080/09537320500211466
Collaboration between industry and research institutes/universities on industrial innovation in Beijing, China
J. Guan (2005)
10.1007/S10961-010-9178-3
Performance of knowledge interactions between public research centres and industrial firms in Spain: a project-level analysis
R. Núñez-Sánchez (2012)
10.1016/j.technovation.2006.10.001
The importance of diverse collaborative networks for the novelty of product innovation
María Jesús Nieto (2007)
10.1080/00343400600725095
Innovation and cooperation in the small firm sector: Evidence from ‘Northern Britain’
M. Freel (2006)
10.1504/IJTM.2006.009233
R&D cooperative agreements between firms and research organisations: a comparative analysis of the characteristics and reasons depending on the nature of the partner
A. Montoro-Sánchez (2006)
10.1111/j.1467-6419.2012.00724.x
A Survey of the Innovation Surveys
S. Hong (2012)
10.1080/00343400124434
Co-operation in Regional Innovation Systems
M. Fritsch (2001)
10.1016/J.RESPOL.2012.06.002
Cooperation with public research institutions and success in innovation: Evidence from France and Germany
S. Robin (2013)
10.1016/J.JBUSRES.2009.01.003
How different types of partners influence innovative product sales: Does technological capacity matter?
Kuen-Hung Tsai (2009)
Links and impacts: the influence of public research on industrial R&D
Marco Sabbadin (2016)
10.1016/S0048-7333(02)00159-2
Co-operative R&D: why and with whom?: An integrated framework of analysis
Luis Miotti (2003)
10.1111/j.1467-6419.2006.00262.x
Beyond the Hype: Intellectual Property and the Knowledge Society/Knowledge Economy
Kenneth I. Carlaw (2006)
Collaborative R&D. How effective is it? Issues in Science and Technology Fall
D Mowery (1999)
10.1016/J.RESPOL.2008.01.001
The effect of external and internal factors on firms’ product innovation
J. Vega-Jurado (2008)
10.1504/IJTM.2013.055596
Sources of information for organisational innovation: a sector comparative approach
C. Mothe (2013)
10.1111/j.1540-627X.2009.00286.x
Technological Collaboration: Bridging the Innovation Gap between Small and Large Firms**
M. Nieto (2010)
10.1016/J.RESPOL.2010.01.013
How open is innovation
Linus Dahlander (2010)
10.1007/S11187-010-9312-5
Determinants of R&D cooperation in small and medium-sized enterprises
H. Chun (2012)
10.1016/J.RESPOL.2003.07.003
R&D cooperation and innovation activities of firms—evidence for the German manufacturing industry
W. Becker (2004)
10.1007/S10490-008-9114-3
How do internal capabilities and external partnerships affect innovativeness?
Y. Su (2009)
10.1016/J.RESPOL.2005.12.001
Factors affecting university-industry R&D projects: The importance of searching, screening and signalling
R. Fontana (2006)
10.1016/J.RESPOL.2007.03.002
Fishing upstream: Firm innovation strategy and university research alliances
J. Bercovitz (2007)
10.1080/09654313.2011.532665
Complementarities Between Universities and Technology Institutes: New Empirical Lessons and Perspectives
Andrés Barge-Gil (2011)
10.1093/ICC/DTP029
Firms’ Transfer Strategies with Universities and the Relationship with Firms’ Innovation Performance
Spyros Arvanitis (2009)
10.1007/S10961-012-9253-Z
Impact of university intellectual property policy on the performance of university-industry research collaboration
Hiroyuki Okamuro (2013)
10.1016/0048-7333(84)90018-0
Sectoral Patterns of Technical Change : Towards a Taxonomy and a Theory : Research Policy
K. Pavitt (1984)
10.1016/J.RESPOL.2005.01.018
One size fits all?: Towards a differentiated regional innovation policy approach
F. Tödtling (2005)
10.1007/S11628-013-0186-X
The level of innovation among young innovative companies: the impacts of knowledge-intensive services use, firm characteristics and the entrepreneur attributes
Alicia Mas-Tur (2014)
10.1007/S11123-011-0262-Y
Firm performance and knowledge spillovers from academic, industrial and foreign linkages: the case of China
M. Yasar (2012)
10.1109/TEM.2006.878103
Self-Interest Assumption and Relational Trust in University-Industry Knowledge Transfers
M. Santoro (2006)
Firm performance and knowledge spillovers from academic
M. Yasar (2012)
10.1504/IJTM.2003.003136
Sectoral determinants of performance in collaborative R&D projects
R. Grimaldi (2003)
10.1016/S0048-7333(03)00087-8
Determining factors in the success of R&D cooperative agreements between firms and research organizations
Eva María Mora-Valentín (2004)
10.1080/00343409750130740
Externally-assisted Product Innovation in the Manufacturing Sector: The Role of Location, Inhouse R&D and Outside Technical Support
Paul Makun (1997)
10.1596/1813-9450-5573
Does Management Matter? Evidence from India
N. Bloom (2010)
technological capacity matter? Research Policy
Tsai (2009)
10.1093/OXREP/9.2.58
Antitrust Policy towards Co-operative R&D Ventures
P. Geroski (1993)
10.1016/S0166-4972(00)00091-2
Explaining innovative efforts of SMEs.: An exploratory survey among SMEs in the mechanical and electrical engineering sector in The Netherlands
Ja Jimme Keizer (2002)
10.1111/j.1468-2370.2005.00115.x
External Commercialization of Knowledge: Review and Research Agenda
U. Lichtenthaler (2005)
10.1080/000368400421020
The use and impact of business advice by SMEs in Britain: an empirical assessment using logit and ordered logit models
Paul Robson (2000)
10.1016/S0883-9026(01)00069-6
The effects of business-university alliances on innovative output and financial performance: a study of publicly traded biotechnology companies
G. George (2002)
10.2139/ssrn.927218
Empirical Evidence on the Success of R&D Co-Operation - Happy Together?
B. Aschhoff (2006)
10.1111/1467-9310.00264
Collaboration in R&D with universities and research centres: an empirical study of Spanish firms
C. Sáez (2002)
10.1007/S10961-012-9257-8
The impact of technology transfer contract on a firm’s market value in Korea
Jae-Seung Han (2013)
10.1016/J.RESPOL.2009.05.002
The impact on innovation performance of different sources of knowledge: Evidence from the UK Community Innovation Survey
M. Frenz (2009)
10.1007/s101100100102
The contribution of academic-industry interaction to product innovation: The case of New York State's medical devices sector
A. Macpherson (2002)
10.1007/S10961-010-9205-4
Fostering industry-science cooperation through public funding: differences between universities and public research centres
Peter Teirlinck (2012)
10.1068/a38327
Which SMEs Use External Business Advice? A Multivariate Subregional Study
S. Johnson (2007)
10.1016/J.RESPOL.2004.07.004
Searching high and low: what types of firms use universities as a source of innovation?
K. Laursen (2004)
Assessing the effect of public
J. Zúñiga-Vicente (2014)
10.1162/003465303772815899
The Influence of Federal Laboratory R&D on Industrial Research
J. D. Adams (2003)
10.1111/J.1540-5885.2008.00292.X
Knowledge Acquisition in University–Industry Alliances: An Empirical Investigation from a Learning Theory Perspective*
A. Sherwood (2008)
10.1016/J.IJINDORG.2004.08.001
Heterogeneity in R&D cooperation strategies
René A. Belderbos (2003)
10.1007/S10961-007-9077-4
The “Science of Science Policy”: reflections on the important questions and the challenges they present
A. Jaffe (2008)
10.1177/0149206304272346
External Sources of Knowledge, Governance Mode, and R&D Performance
C. Fey (2005)
10.1109/TEM.2006.883707
Facilitators of Knowledge Transfer in University-Industry Collaborations: A Knowledge-Based Perspective
M. Santoro (2006)
10.1093/ICC/DTP023
Does external knowledge sourcing matter for innovation? Evidence from the Spanish manufacturing industry
Jaider Vega Jurado (2009)
10.1111/J.1540-5885.2007.00253.X
Which Tangible and Intangible Assets Matter for Innovation Speed in Start‐Ups?*
A. Heirman (2007)



This paper is referenced by
10.1108/JBIM-01-2018-0052
International R&D alliances and innovation for emerging market multinationals: roles of environmental turbulence and knowledge transfer
Y. Liu (2019)
10.1007/S10961-015-9403-1
University and inter-firm R&D collaborations: propensity and intensity of cooperation in Europe
David Aristei (2016)
Innovative startup localization determinants and origin: A Rome city case study
Paolo Scattoni (2019)
Does Cooperation with Universities and KIBS Matter? Firm-level Evidence from Spain
Andrés Barge-Gil (2019)
10.1108/ejim-01-2019-0027
An exploratory study on how SMEs are open to external sources of information
M. Fakhreddine (2019)
10.1016/j.telpol.2019.101868
Mechanisms to improve labor productivity by performing telework
Sachiko Kazekami (2020)
10.1007/S11187-020-00379-Z
Does external R&D matter for family firm innovation? Evidence from the Italian manufacturing industry
F. Aiello (2020)
10.4067/S0718-27242019000400041
El papel de la cooperación para desarrollar innovación tecnológica en la PYME
M. Castillo-Vergara (2019)
10.1177/2399654417691514
Take-up and variation of advice for new firm founders in different local contexts
K. Mole (2018)
10.1111/pirs.12539
Firm financial soundness and knowledge externalities: A comparative regional analysis
Lara Abdel Fattah (2020)
10.3386/W25051
Inventive Capabilities in the Division of Innovative Labor
A. Arora (2018)
10.3390/joitmc5040091
Implementing Open Innovation in Research and Technology Organisations: Approaches and Impact
Ramon Uribe-Echeberria (2019)
10.2139/ssrn.2553340
Networks and Product Innovation Across European SMEs
Nadine Behncke (2015)
10.4018/IJKM.2015070101
Knowledge Identification and Acquisition in SMEs: Strategically Emergent or Just Ad Hoc?
Karen Becker (2015)
10.1111/joes.12341
Effect of Corporate Scientists on Firms’ Innovation Activity: A Literature Review
L. Herrera (2020)
10.1108/IJIS-01-2017-0003
Inter-organizational cooperation and organizational innovativeness. A comparative study
Ivan Pouwels (2017)
10.3846/TEDE.2018.5694
Internal R&D and external information in knowledge-intensive business service innovation: complements, substitutes or independent?
D. Doloreux (2018)
10.3390/su11205776
A Taxonomy of Eco-Innovation Types in SMEs: Exploring Different Firm Profiles in the Canadian Wine Industry
D. Doloreux (2019)
10.1108/JKM-01-2017-0025
Are winemaker consultants just another source of knowledge for innovation?
D. Doloreux (2017)
10.1080/14479338.2016.1219232
Commercializing technological research and skills: drivers from European technology institutes
C. Vivas (2016)
10.1007/S40821-017-0078-4
Sources of knowledge used by entrepreneurial firms in the European high-tech sector
S. Amoroso (2018)
10.1016/j.jik.2019.08.001
External knowledge modes and firm-level innovation performance: Empirical evidence from sub-Saharan Africa
Stephen Kehinde Medase (2020)
10.1016/J.RESPOL.2018.08.008
Same but different? Research and technology organizations, universities and the innovation activities of firms
Eleni Giannopoulou (2019)
10.1080/02692171.2019.1608917
New evidence on the firm-university linkages in Europe. The role of meritocratic management practices
F. Aiello (2019)
Współpraca badawczo-rozwojowa przedsiębiorstw: przegląd prac empirycznych [R&D Cooperation of Firms: Empirical literature review]
A. Karbowski (2016)
10.1016/J.TECHNOVATION.2017.06.003
Variety in external knowledge sourcing and innovation novelty: Evidence from the KIBS sector in Spain
M. Rodriguez (2017)
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar