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A Novel Cysteine‐rich Receptor‐like Kinase Gene, TaCRK2, Contributes To Leaf Rust Resistance In Wheat

Jia Gu, Jiawei Sun, N. Liu, Xizhe Sun, C. Liu, L. Wu, G. Liu, Fanli Zeng, C. Hou, S. Han, Wenchao Zhen, D. Wang
Published 2020 · Medicine, Biology

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Abstract Leaf rust, caused by Puccinia triticina, is one of the most destructive fungal diseases in wheat production worldwide. The hypersensitive reaction (HR) is an important defence response against P. triticina infection. In this study, the physiological races 165 and 260 of P. triticina were combined with a line derived from the bread wheat cultivar Thatcher with the leaf rust resistance locus Lr26 to form compatible and incompatible combinations, respectively. Based on an RNA‐Seq database of the interaction systems, a new wheat cysteine‐rich receptor‐like kinase gene, TaCRK2, is specifically induced and up‐regulated in the incompatible combination. We identified that TaCRK2 was regulated in a Ca2+‐dependent manner. Knockdown of TaCRK2 by virus‐induced gene silencing and RNAi leads to a dramatic increase in HR area and the number of haustorial mother cells at the single infection site. In addition, urediniospores, a P. triticina‐specific pathogenic marker in compatible combinations, were observed on leaf surfaces of silenced plants at approximately 15 days after inoculation in the incompatible combination. Moreover, transcription levels of TaPR1, TaPR2, and TaPR5 were obviously reduced in TaCRK2‐silenced plants. TaCRK2 overexpression in Nicotiana benthamiana induced strong HR‐like cell death. Finally, transient expression of green fluorescent protein fused with TaCRK2 in N. benthamiana indicated that TaCRK2 localizes in the endoplasmic reticulum. Thus, TaCRK2 plays an important role in the resistance to P. triticina infection and has a positive regulation effect on the HR cell death process induced by P. triticina.
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