Surface Effects On The Mechanical Behavior Of Buckled Thin Film
The buckling of thin films with natural nonlinearity can provide a useful tool in many applications. In the present paper, the mechanical properties of controllable buckling of thin films are investigated by accounting for both geometric nonlinearity and surface effects at nanoscale. The effects of surface elasticity and residual surface tension on both static and dynamic behaviors of buckled thin films are discussed based on the surface-layer-based model. The dynamic design strategy for buckled thin films as interconnects in flexible electronics is proposed to avoid resonance in a given noise environment based on the above analysis. Further discussion shows that the thermal and piezoelectric effects on mechanical behavior of buckled thin film are equivalent to that of residual surface tension.