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Semiconductor Nanocrystals As Fluorescent Biological Labels.

M. Bruchez, M. Moronne, P. Gin, S. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos
Published 1998 · Chemistry, Medicine

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Semiconductor nanocrystals were prepared for use as fluorescent probes in biological staining and diagnostics. Compared with conventional fluorophores, the nanocrystals have a narrow, tunable, symmetric emission spectrum and are photochemically stable. The advantages of the broad, continuous excitation spectrum were demonstrated in a dual-emission, single-excitation labeling experiment on mouse fibroblasts. These nanocrystal probes are thus complementary and in some cases may be superior to existing fluorophores.
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