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Carbon Nanotubes: Present And Future Commercial Applications

M. D. De Volder, S. Tawfick, R. Baughman, A. Hart
Published 2013 · Materials Science, Medicine

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Exploiting Carbon Nanotubes Individual defect-free carbon nanotubes can have exceptional mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties, which has led to speculation on a wide range of potential applications. However, challenges in growing large quantities of pure nanotubes, and for some applications tubes of only one type, have limited their widespread use. De Volder et al. (p. 535) review the efforts that have been made to scale up carbon nanotube production and discuss a number of applications where enhanced materials have made use of carbon nanotubes. Worldwide commercial interest in carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is reflected in a production capacity that presently exceeds several thousand tons per year. Currently, bulk CNT powders are incorporated in diverse commercial products ranging from rechargeable batteries, automotive parts, and sporting goods to boat hulls and water filters. Advances in CNT synthesis, purification, and chemical modification are enabling integration of CNTs in thin-film electronics and large-area coatings. Although not yet providing compelling mechanical strength or electrical or thermal conductivities for many applications, CNT yarns and sheets already have promising performance for applications including supercapacitors, actuators, and lightweight electromagnetic shields.
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Acknowledgments: M.F.L.D.V. was supported by the Fund for Scientific Research–Flanders, Belgium. S.H.T. and A.J.H. were supported by the Office of Naval Research (N00014101055 and N000141210815)
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