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Facial Muscle Patterning To Affective Imagery In Depressed And Nondepressed Subjects

G. Schwartz, P. Fair, P. Salt, M. Mandel, G. L. Klerman
Published 1976 · Psychology, Medicine

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When subjects imagine happy, sad, and angry situations, different patterns of facial muscle activity are produced which can be measured by electromyography. These subtle, typically covert, facial expression patterns differentiate depressed from nondepressed subjects. Facial electromyography can provide a sensitive, objective index of normal and clinical mood states.
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In the second study an additional muscle placement-the zygomatic major-also differentiated between nondepressed and depressed subjects during
We thank E. A. Gardner for his role in initiating this project and Marlene Mieske, Linda Faldetta, Louise Glynn, and Terry Monroe for their assistance
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