Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Facial Muscle Patterning To Affective Imagery In Depressed And Nondepressed Subjects

G. Schwartz, P. Fair, P. Salt, M. Mandel, G. L. Klerman
Published 1976 · Psychology, Medicine

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
When subjects imagine happy, sad, and angry situations, different patterns of facial muscle activity are produced which can be measured by electromyography. These subtle, typically covert, facial expression patterns differentiate depressed from nondepressed subjects. Facial electromyography can provide a sensitive, objective index of normal and clinical mood states.
This paper references
Affect, Imagery, Consciousness, vol. 1, The Positive Affects (Springer, New York, 1962); Affect
S. Tomkins (1963)
Unmasking The Face
P. Ekman (1975)
10.1001/ARCHPSYC.1965.01720310065008
A SELF-RATING DEPRESSION SCALE.
W. Zung (1965)
10.1111/J.1469-8986.1976.TB03339.X
Patterns of cerebral lateralization during cardiac biofeedback versus the self-regulation of emotion: sex differences.
R. Davidson (1976)
Patterns of Emotions
C. E. Izard (1972)
The Face of Emotion (AppletonCentury-Crofts
C. E. Izard (1971)
10.1126/science.182.4107.20
Depressive Disorders: Toward a Unified Hypothesis
H. Akiskal (1973)
In the second study an additional muscle placement-the zygomatic major-also differentiated between nondepressed and depressed subjects during
We thank E. A. Gardner for his role in initiating this project and Marlene Mieske, Linda Faldetta, Louise Glynn, and Terry Monroe for their assistance
Unmasking the Face (Prentice-Hall
P. Ekman (1975)
The facial changes and accompanying subjective experience in depression may both be expressions of an attenuation in the underlying diencephalic centers of the limbic system
W T Akiskal (1973)
10.1126/science.1179210
Right hemisphere lateralization for emotion in the human brain: interactions with cognition
G. Schwartz (1975)
Nonparametric Statistics (McGrawHill
S. Siegel (1956)
Biofeedback, self-regulation, and the patterning of physiological processes.
G. E. Schwartz (1975)
The Expression of the Er,otions in Man and Animals
C Darwin
the lower face, since recent research from this laboratory suggests that the right hemisphere may play a special role in emotion
R J Davidson (1965)



This paper is referenced by
Timing Characteristics of Smiles in Relation to History and Symptomatology of Depression
L. I. Reed (2005)
The structure of well-being in dementia
Barry Greatorex (2002)
10.1111/J.1469-8986.1982.TB02516.X
Facial reactions to facial expressions.
U. Dimberg (1982)
10.1111/j.1532-5415.2012.04169.x
Facial Expression May Indicate Depression in Older Adults
F. M. Scoralick (2012)
10.1016/0301-0511(90)90024-Q
Gender differences in facial reactions to facial expressions
U. Dimberg (1990)
10.1007/978-1-4613-2898-8_4
Biofeedback and Physiological Patterning in Human Emotion and Consciousness
G. Schwartz (1979)
Utilisation normale du mode et du tempo par les amusiques adultes, lors de jugements émotionnels
S. Paquette (2012)
10.1016/S0065-3454(08)60047-9
Visceral-Somatic Integration in Behavior Cognition, and “Psychosomatic” Disease
B. Komisaruk (1982)
6 EMG activity in the EEG in Alzheimer ’ s disease : noise or signal ?
K. Hiele (2007)
Feeling and Thinking Preferences Need
(2005)
10.1007/BF00845363
An autonomic nervous system response inventory (ANSRI): Scaling, reliability, and cross-validation
W. F. Waters (2004)
10.2466/pms.1997.85.3f.1291
Polygraphic Evaluation of Laughing and Smiling in Schizophrenic and Depressive Patients
S. Sakamoto (1997)
10.1001/ARCHPSYC.1986.01800030087009
Facial electromyography in depression. Subgroup differences.
J. Greden (1986)
10.1016/0301-0511(86)90079-7
Facial reactions to fear-relevant and fear-irrelevant stimuli
U. Dimberg (1986)
10.1037/10448-002
From threat to sweat: The role of physiological arousal in the motivation to maintain self-esteem.
J. Arndt (2002)
10.1016/S0140-1750(86)90190-9
The facial displays of leaders: Toward an ethology of human politics.
R. Masters (1986)
10.1016/j.biopsycho.2004.03.007
Issues and assumptions on the road from raw signals to metrics of frontal EEG asymmetry in emotion
J. J. Allen (2004)
10.1016/j.actpsy.2014.11.012
When the mask falls: the role of facial motor resonance in memory for emotional language.
Jenny-Charlotte Baumeister (2015)
An interrelating model between Action Units and Emotional Descriptives: Pleasure, Arousal and Dominance
Daniel Hadar (2015)
10.1097/00006842-197811000-00002
Dissociation of Self‐Reported and Observed Pleasure in Depression
S. L. Brown (1978)
10.21037/apm.2017.08.15
Cognitive hypnotherapy for psychological management of depression in palliative care.
A. Alladin (2018)
10.3928/0098-9134-19890401-04
Using guided imagery to combat postsurgical depression.
A. M. Leja (1989)
10.1080/02699931.2012.708648
Depressive symptoms and use of perspective taking within a communicative context
E. Nilsen (2013)
10.1007/978-1-4684-3974-8_1
The Central Place of Imagery in Human Functioning
E. Klinger (1981)
10.1080/00207140601177897
Cognitive Hypnotherapy for Depression: An Empirical Investigation
A. Alladin (2007)
10.5772/26405
Affective Processing of Loved Familiar Faces: Contributions from Electromyography
P. Guerra (2012)
10.4092/JSRE.5.1
Averaged facial electromyogram as event-related potential in the game
S. Nakamaru (1997)
Der Einfluss des 5-HTT Polymorphismus auf die Emotionsverarbeitung und die Wirkung von SSRI bei Gesunden
Julia Gompf (2016)
10.1037/0022-3514.58.3.487
Facial expressions and the regulation of emotions.
C. Izard (1990)
10.1007/978-1-4612-5202-3_7
Physiological Mediation of Attitude Maintenance, Formation, and Change
M. Zanna (1984)
10.1037//0022-3514.69.5.975
When avoiding unpleasant emotions might not be such a bad thing: Verbal-autonomic response dissociation and midlife conjugal bereavement.
G. Bonanno (1995)
10.1007/s00415-016-8201-5
Pathological laughing and crying in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is related to frontal cortex function
A. Huebers (2016)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar