Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
Please confirm you are human
(Sign Up for free to never see this)
← Back to Search

Fuel Ethanol From Cellulosic Biomass

L. Lynd, J. Cushman, R. J. Nichols, C. E. Wyman
Published 1991 · Environmental Science, Medicine

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Ethanol produced from cellulosic biomass is examined as a large-scale transportation fuel. Desirable features include ethanol's fuel properties as well as benefits with respect to urban air quality, global climate change, balance of trade, and energy security. Energy balance, feedstock supply, and environmental impact considerations are not seen as significant barriers to the widespread use of fuel ethanol derived from cellulosic biomass. Conversion economics is the key obstacle to be overcome. In light of past progress and future prospects for research-driven improvements, a cost-competitive process appears possible in a decade.
This paper references
Evaluation ofpotential herbaceous biomass crops on marginal crop lands, final report 1985-1989
J H Cherney (1990)
Agricultural Resources-Cropland, Water, and Conservation, Situational Outlook and
(1988)
Sol. Energy Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser
J D Ferchak (1981)
Statement before the Consumer Subcommittee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
R D Wilson (1987)
World Energy Supply (de Gruyter
M Grathwohl (1982)
The difference between feedstock cost and by-product credits is the lower limit for the net feedstock cost in that capital and operating costs associated with coproduct production are not considered
Analysis ofthe Economic and Environmental Effects ofEthanol as an Automotive Fuel (EPA
(1990)
10.1016/0378-1119(88)90549-5
Efficient secretion of two fungal cellobiohydrolases by Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
M. Penttilä (1988)
10.1126/science.206.4420.789
Gasohol: Does It or Doesn't It Produce Positive Net Energy?
R. S. Chambers (1979)
Ind. Eng. Chem. Arch. Microbiol
M K Veldhuis (1936)
Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol
N D Hinman (1989)
Clean Fuels Rep
(1990)
Greater reliance on foreign oil feared as U.S. output tumbles
(1990)
EPA Lists Places Failing to Meet Ozone or Carbon Monoxide Standards (EPA
(1989)
Based on data for the first three quarters of 1989 and conservatively valuing imported petroleum products (about 10% oftotal petroleum consumption) at the cost of crude oil
Econ (1989)
The indicated range is consistent with the evaluation of the DOE Biofuels Feedstock Development Program
R D Perlack (1987)
10.1007/bf02461211
International Conference on Energy Use Management
(1977)
10.1016/0144-4565(89)90094-2
Ethanol fuel as an octane enhancer in the US fuel market
H. Ahmed (1989)
Based on data for the first three quarters of 1989 and conservatively valuing imported petroleum products (about 10% oftotal petroleum consumption) at the cost of crude oil
Econ. Indic (1989)
The indicated range is consistent with the evaluation of the DOE Biofuels Feedstock Development Program
(1987)
Ethanol's Role in CleanAir (Backgrounder Ser 1102-89
(1989)
Technical and Environmental Analyses
(1980)
Assessment of costs and benefits of flexible and alternative fuel use in the U.S. transportation sector, Progress Report One: Context and Analytical Framework
(1989)
10.1021/IE50316A015
Production of Ethanol: By Thermophilic Fermentation of Cellulose
M. K. Veldhuis (1936)
Based on heat of combustion for petroleum liquids [Basic Pet. Data Book [(American Petroleum Institute adding 19% for oil recovery, refining, and distribution (40)
(1989)
BiolTechnologyJ. Biotechnol. Gene
J N Van (1987)
10.1126/SCIENCE.243.4898.1544
EPA's Plan for Cooling the Global Greenhouse: A new report lists a dozen plausible actions that, if begun in the 1990s, could reduce global warming 60% over the next century.
E. Marshall (1989)
10.1021/CEN-V067N030.P023
Luce Foundation Program Helps Women Develop Science Careers.
Lois Ember (1989)
Energy Balances of OECD and Other Countries 1971-1987 (International Energy Agency
(1989)
10.1016/0360-5442(87)90028-4
Economics of short-rotation intensive culture for the production of wood energy feedstocks
R. Perlack (1987)
Comparative ranking of the environmental impacts of alternative fuels
G Z Whitten (1989)
Context and Analytical Framework," Rep
Assessment of costs (1989)
10.1007/BF02920289
Large-scale fuel ethanol from lignocellulose
L. Lynd (1990)
10.1016/0168-1656(90)90075-M
Pilot scale production of a heterologous Trichoderma reesei cellulase by Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
B. Zurbriggen (1990)
Atmos. Environ
T Y Chang (1989)
Ethanol's Role in CleanAir
(1989)
EPA Lists Places Failing to Meet Ozone or Carbon Monoxide Standards
(1989)
Institute of Gas Technology
D H Strauss
Air Quality Benefits ofAlternative Fuels
(1987)
Air Quality Management Plan (South Coast Air Quality Management District
(1988)
Biotechnol. Bioeng. Symp. Adv. Biochem. Eng.-Biotechnol. Science
A E Humphrey (1977)
Annual Enery Outlook
(1990)
The Forbidden Fuel
H Rothman (1982)
Energy Balances of OECD and Other Countries
(1971)
Environ. Sanit. Rev. Environ. Int
R C Loehr (1983)
Sol. Energy
J D Ferchak (1981)
Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol
L Lynd (1990)
Policymakers Summary ofthe ScientjficAssessment of Global Climate Change (third draft report to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPPC), IPPC Group 1, Meteorological Office
(1989)
Analysis ofthe Economic and Environmental Effects ofEthanol as an Automotive Fuel
(1990)
Proceedings ofthe International Symposium on Akohol Fuel Technology-Methanol and Ethanol (National Technical Information Service
W Bernhardt (1978)
National Assessment of Undiscovered Conventional Oil and Gas Resources, Working-Paper (Working pap
10.1002/BIT.260261215
A comparative study of the enzymatic hydrolysis of acid‐pretreated white pine and mixed hardwood
H. Grethlein (1984)
Turhollow for useful discussions and information
M We Thank
Basic Statistics, 1982 National Resources Inventory
(1987)
Oak Ridge Natl. Lab. Environ. Sci. Div. Publ
G Marland (1990)
10.2172/10165078
Perennial species for optimum production of herbaceous biomass in the Piedmont
D. Parrish (1990)
Biochem. Eng.-Biotechnol
L R Lynd (1989)
Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents in the Workman Environment with Intended Changes for 1980s (American Conference of Government Industrial Hygienists
(1980)
Appl. Environ. Microbiol
L R Lynd (1989)
COMPARATIVE AUTOMOTIVE ENGINE OPERATION WHEN FUELED WITH ETHANOL AND METHANOL
E. E. Ecklund (1978)
Fuel ethanol and agriculture: an economic assessment.
E. Gavett (1986)
Ethanol from biomass by enzymatic hydrolysis
J. Wright (1988)
12. New Fuels Rep
(1990)
Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol
C E Wyman (1990)
10.1126/science.247.4939.201
Ozone Control and Methanol Fuel Use
A. Russell (1990)
10.1126/science.219.4585.733
Production of Feedstock Chemicals
T. K. Ng (1983)
Hydrocarb. Process
(1988)
10.1021/CEN-V065N014.P011
Demand for Home and Garden Pesticides Spurs New Products
William J. Storck (1987)
Feed Situation and Outlook Report
S Kane (1989)
Solving fluid flow problems with spreadsheets: here's how spreadsheet software can be used to size liquid and gas lines and do other related calculations
B. Shah (1989)
Value used in (45) for a corn-based ethanol plant; believed to be conservative for an economical cellulose-to-ehanol process
10.1016/0038-092X(81)90107-9
Utilization of biomass in the U.S. for the production of ethanol fuel as a gasoline replacement—II Energy requirements, with emphasis on lignocellulosic conversion
J. D. Ferchak (1981)
10.1016/0360-5442(83)90073-7
On gasohol and energy analysis
M. Johnson (1983)
10.2172/5333262
Short Rotation Woody Crops Program: Annual progress report for 1987
J. Ranney (1982)
Biomass
H Ahmad (1989)
paper presented to the California Air Resources Board Public Meeting on Clean Fuels
C Risch (1988)
National Assessment of Undiscovered Conventional Oil and Gas Resources, Working- Paper (Working pap
R A Kerr (1989)
Report of the New Farm and Forest Products Task Force to the Secretary (USDA
(1987)
Based on a 35-mile average travel distance and transport of biomass with 50% moisture by diesel truck requiring 2000 Btu per ton per mile
10.1016/0004-6981(89)90048-6
IMPACT OF METHANOL VEHICLES ON OZONE AIR QUALITY
T. Y. Chang (1989)
10.1038/NBT0187-60
Cloning, Characterization, and Expression in Saccharomyces Cerevisiae of Endoglucanase I from Trichoderma Reesei
Janelle N. Van Arsdell (1987)
Report of the New Farm and Forest Products Task Force to the Secretary
(1987)
Current SERI wood feedstock-based simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) process design
Turhollow for useful discussions and information
H E Grethlein (1984)
The energy required for manufacture ofammonia and other chemicals used as nutrients for yeast growth is an insignificant contribution
oil was $28.99 per barrel and gas sold for $0.882 per gallon) and by the approximately $9 per barrel increment reflecting the added value ofgasoline relative to crude oil during the
(1980)
10.1128/AEM.55.12.3131-3139.1989
Fermentation of Cellulosic Substrates in Batch and Continuous Culture by Clostridium thermocellum.
L. Lynd (1989)
10.1126/SCIENCE.245.4924.1330
Oil and gas estimates plummet.
R. Kerr (1989)
10.1007/BF02936498
Xylose fermentation
N. Hinman (1989)
Chem. Eng. Prog
J D Wright (1988)
Chem. Eng. News
E Anderson (1988)
Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents in the Workman Environment with Intended Changes for
(1980)
AND NOTES
From (40), consistent with a large plant able to use pipeline transport to a significant extent
Fuel ethanol production ― The US experience
J. Murtagh (1986)



This paper is referenced by
10.1002/APP.43670
Influence of support layer and PDMS coating conditions on composite membrane performance for ethanol/water separation by pervaporation
Parimal V. Naik (2016)
10.1186/s13068-017-0937-3
Adding tetrahydrofuran to dilute acid pretreatment provides new insights into substrate changes that greatly enhance biomass deconstruction by Clostridium thermocellum and fungal enzymes
Vanessa A. Thomas (2017)
10.33915/etd.3081
Pretreatments and energy potentials of Appalachian hardwood residues for biofuel production
Adebola B. Adebayo (2010)
10.1080/01496395.2010.504681
A Review of Membrane Materials for Ethanol Recovery by Pervaporation
P. Peng (2010)
10.1186/1754-6834-5-55
A coarse-grained model for synergistic action of multiple enzymes on cellulose
A. Asztalos (2012)
10.1007/978-1-4020-8654-0_16
Developing Energy Crops for Thermal Applications: Optimizing Fuel Quality, Energy Security and GHG Mitigation
R. Samson (2008)
Alternative sources for products competing with forest based biofuel, a pre-study
Louise Staffas (2013)
Characteristics of a classicistic French escritoire, item no. SZMb 1133 from the National Museum in Warsaw
D. Woźniak (2018)
10.1002/JOBM.3620350209
Simultaneous raw starch hydrolysis and ethanol fermentation by glucoamylase from Rhizoctonia solani and Saccharomyces cerevisiae
D. Singh (1995)
10.1016/J.BIOMBIOE.2004.03.001
Economics of a coordinated biorefinery feedstock harvest system: lignocellulosic biomass harvest cost
S. Thorsell (2004)
10.1104/pp.110.154468
Modeling Lignin Polymerization. I. Simulation Model of Dehydrogenation Polymers1[OA]
Frederik R D van Parijs (2010)
10.1016/B978-0-444-53234-3.00011-0
Biorefinery Straw for Bioethanol
Kun Wang (2010)
10.1016/j.biortech.2008.12.068
Autohydrolysis pretreatment of coastal Bermuda grass for increased enzyme hydrolysis.
Jung Myoung Lee (2009)
10.1007/BF02941811
Effect of oxygen on ethanol production by a recombinant ethanologenicE. coli
H. Lawford (1994)
10.1016/0141-0229(94)90001-9
Strain selection, taxonomy, and genetics of xylose-fermenting yeasts
T. Jeffries (1994)
10.1016/S0960-8524(96)00108-3
Assessment of ethanol production options for corn products
M. Gulati (1996)
10.1007/s10924-017-1164-5
Cellulose Fiber Isolation and Characterization from Sweet Blue Lupin Hull and Canola Straw
D. Çiftçi (2017)
10.1007/BF02919027
Production of ethanol from pulp mill hardwood and softwood spent sulfite liquors by genetically engineeredE. coli
H. Lawford (1993)
10.1128/MMBR.66.3.506-577.2002
Microbial Cellulose Utilization: Fundamentals and Biotechnology
L. Lynd (2002)
10.3109/07388559209114234
Trichoderma Xylanases, Their Properties and Application
K. K. Wong (1992)
10.1007/BF00130758
Batch fermentation kinetics of ethanol production by Zymomonas mobilis on cellulose hydrolysate
A. Kademi (2004)
10.1007/s13205-011-0011-y
Synergy between EngE, XynA and ManA from Clostridium cellulovorans on corn stalk, grass and pineapple pulp substrates
B. Olver (2011)
10.1201/9781420003482.ch25
Biomass Conversion Processes For Energy Recovery
M. Kayhanian (2007)
10.1038/nrmicro2186
Engineering for biofuels: exploiting innate microbial capacity or importing biosynthetic potential?
H. Alper (2009)
10.1016/S0960-8524(01)00023-2
Preparation of levoglucosan by pyrolysis of cellulose and its citric acid fermentation.
X. Zhuang (2001)
10.1021/bp025654l
Potential Synergies and Challenges in Refining Cellulosic Biomass to Fuels, Chemicals, and Power
C. Wyman (2003)
10.1016/J.ENERGY.2012.06.050
Enhancement of enzymatic digestibility of oil palm empty fruit bunch by ionic-liquid pretreatment
W. Katinonkul (2012)
10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/045903
Response of switchgrass yield to future climate change
M. G. Tulbure (2012)
10.1016/J.BIOMBIOE.2003.11.004
Trees for carbon sequestration or fossil fuel substitution: the issue of cost vs. carbon benefit
A. Baral (2004)
10.1021/ACS.IECR.7B02316
Oligomerization of Biomass-Derived Light Olefins to Liquid Fuel: Effect of Alkali Treatment on the HZSM-5 Catalyst
X. Wang (2017)
10.1002/9783527635641.CH6
The Greening of Chemistry
P. Tundo (2011)
10.1021/ES052024H
Ethanol's energy return on investment: a survey of the literature 1990-present.
Roel Hammerschlag (2006)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar