Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Diversity Of Free-Living And Attached Bacteria In Offshore Western Mediterranean Waters As Depicted By Analysis Of Genes Encoding 16S RRNA

Silvia G. Acinas, Josefa Antón, Francisco Rodríguez-Valera

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
ABSTRACT In a previous study (S. G. Acinas, F. Rodrı́guez-Valera, and C. Pedrós-Alió, FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 24:27–40, 1997), community fingerprinting by 16S rDNA restriction analysis applied to Mediterranean offshore waters showed that the free-living pelagic bacterial community was very different from the bacterial cells aggregated or attached to particles of more than about 8 μm. Here we have studied both assemblages at three depths (5, 50, and 400 m) by cloning and sequencing the 16S rDNA obtained from the same samples, and we have also studied the samples by scanning electron microscopy to detect morphology patterns. As expected, the sequences retrieved from the assemblages were very different. The subsample of attached bacteria contained very little diversity, with close relatives of a well-known species of marine bacteria, Alteromonas macleodii, representing the vast majority of the clones at every depth. On the other hand, the free-living assemblage was highly diverse and varied with depth. At 400 m, close relatives of cultivated γProteobacteria predominated, but as shown by other authors, near the surface most clones were related to phylotypes described only by sequence, in which the α Proteobacteria of the SAR11 cluster predominated. The new technique of rDNA internal spacer analysis has been utilized, confirming these results. Clones representative of the A. macleodii cluster have been completely sequenced, producing a picture that fits well with the idea that they could represent a genus with at least two species and with a characteristic depth distribution.