Movement And Fixation Of Intestinal Microbiota After Administration Of Human Feces To Germfree Mice
Ryoko Kibe, Mitsuo Sakamoto, Hiroshi Yokota, Hiroki Ishikawa, Yuji Aiba, Yasuhiro Koga, Yoshimi Benno
Published 2005 · Biology, Medicine
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ABSTRACT Human flora-associated (HFA) mice have been considered a tool for studying the ecology and metabolism of intestinal bacteria in humans, although they have some limitations as a model. Shifts in dominant species of microbiota in HFA mice after the administration of human intestinal microbiota was revealed by 16S rRNA gene sequence and terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) analyses. Characteristic terminal restriction fragments (T-RFs) were quantified as the proportion of total peak area of all T-RFs. Only the proportion of the T-RF peak at bp 366, identified as the Gammmaproteobacteria group and the family Coriobacteriaceae, was reduced in this study. Increased T-RFs over time at bp 56, 184, and 196 were affiliated with the Clostridium group. However, most of the isolated bacteria with unique population shifts were phylotypes. The vertical transmission of the intestinal microbiota of the mouse offspring was also investigated by dendrogram analysis derived from the similarity of T-RFLP patterns among samples. As a result, the intestinal microbiota of HFA mice and their offspring reflected the composition of individual human intestinal bacteria with some modifications. Moreover, we revealed that human-derived lactobacilli (HDL), which have been considered difficult to colonize in the HFA mouse intestine in previous studies based on culture methods, could be detected in the HFA mouse intestine by using a lactic acid bacterium-specific primer and HDL-specific primers. Our results indicate that the intestinal microbiota of HFA mice represents a limited sample of bacteria from the human source and are selected by unknown interactions between the host and bacteria.
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