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Asymmetry And Extent Of In Vivo Transcripition Of R-plasmid Deoxyribonucleic Acid In Escherichia Coli.

D. Vapnek, E. Spingler
Published 1974 · Biology, Medicine

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Deoxyribonucleic acid-ribonucleic acid (DNA-RNA) hybridization studies have been performed with R-plasmid DNA (R538-1drd) and in vivo-synthesized RNA. R-plasmid DNA was isolated from Escherichia coli K-12, and the complementary strands were separated in cesium chloride-polyuridylic acid-polyguanylic acid gradients. DNA-RNA hybridization was performed with the separated DNA strands and RNA purified from R-plasmid-carrying cells. The results demonstrated that an asymmetric transcription of the R-plasmid DNA occurs in vivo. Hybridization was only detected with the H strand (denser strand in cesium chloride-polyuridylic acid-polyguanylic acid). By determining the density of the RNA-DNA hybrid in CsCl gradients, it was estimated that greater than 60% of the nucleotide sequences in the R-plasmid DNA are transcribed in logarithmically growing E. coli cells. No R-plasmid-specific RNA was detected in E. coli cells that did not carry the plasmid.
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