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Regulation Of The FurA And CatC Operon, Encoding A Ferric Uptake Regulator Homologue And Catalase-Peroxidase, Respectively, In Streptomyces Coelicolor A3(2)

Ji-Sook Hahn, So-Young Oh, Jung-Hye Roe

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ABSTRACT We isolated the catC gene, encoding catalase-peroxidase in Streptomyces coelicolor , using sequence homology with the katG gene from Escherichia coli . Upstream of the catC gene, an open reading frame ( furA ) encoding a homologue of ferric uptake regulator (Fur) was identified. S1 mapping analysis indicated that the furA gene was cotranscribed with the catC gene. The transcriptional start site of the furA-catC mRNA was mapped to the translation start codon ATG of the furA gene. The putative promoter contains consensus −10 and −35 elements similar to those recognized by ς HrdB , the major sigma factor of S. coelicolor . The transcripts were produced maximally at late-exponential phase and decreased at the stationary phase in liquid culture. The change in the amount of mRNA was consistent with that of CatC protein and enzyme activity. When the furA gene was introduced into S. lividans on a multicopy plasmid, the increased production of catC transcripts and protein product at late growth phase was inhibited, implying a role for FurA as the negative regulator of the furA-catC operon. FurA protein bound to its own promoter region between −59 and −39 nucleotides from the transcription start site. The binding affinity of FurA increased under reducing conditions and in the presence of metals such as Ni 2+ , Mn 2+ , Zn 2+ , or Fe 2+ . Addition of these metals to the growth medium decreased the production of CatC protein, consistent with the role of FurA as a metal-dependent repressor.