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Interaction Between Components Of The Type III Secretion System Of Chlamydiaceae
Published 2005 · Medicine, Biology
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ABSTRACT Members of the family Chlamydiaceae possess at least 13 genes, distributed throughout the chromosome, that are homologous with genes of known type III secretion systems (TTS). The aim of this study was to use putative TTS proteins of Chlamydophila pneumoniae, whose equivalents in other bacterial TTS function as chaperones, to identify interactions between chlamydial proteins. Using the BacterioMatch Two-Hybrid Vector system (Stratagene, La Jolla, Calif.), lcrH-2 and sycE, positions 1021 and 0325, respectively, from C. pneumoniae CM-1 were used as “bait” to identify target genes (positions 0324, 0705, 0708, 0808 to 0810, 1016 to 1020, and 1022) in close proximity on the chromosome. Interaction between the products of the lcrH-2 (1021) and lcrE (copN) (0324) genes was detected and confirmed by pull-down experiments and enzyme immunoassays using recombinant LcrH-2 and LcrE. As further confirmation of this interaction, the homologous genes from Chlamydia trachomatis, serovar E, and Chlamydophila psittaci, Texas turkey, were also cloned in the two-hybrid system to determine if LcrH-2 and LcrE would interact with their orthologs in other species. Consistent with their genetic relatedness, LcrH-2 from C. pneumoniae interacted with LcrE produced from the three species of Chlamydiaceae; LcrH-2 from C. psittaci reacted with LcrE from C. pneumoniae but not from C. trachomatis; and C. trachomatis LcrH-2 did not react with LcrE from the other two species. Deletions from the N and C termini of LcrE from C. pneumoniae identified the 50 C-terminal amino acids as essential for the interaction with LcrH-2. Thus, it appears that in the Chlamydiaceae TTS, LcrH-2 interacts with LcrE, and therefore it may serve as a chaperone for this protein.