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Selective Isolation Of Poliovirus In Recombinant Murine Cell Line Expressing The Human Poliovirus Receptor Gene

T Hovi, M Stenvik

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Sixty-eight laboratory strains representing 49 enterovirus, 10 adenovirus, and 3 reovirus serotypes were inoculated in a recombinant murine cell line expressing the human poliovirus receptor gene (L alpha cells). Only polioviruses caused cytopathic effect over a 10-day period. Likewise, only polioviruses were isolated, by use of L alpha cells, from 168 fecal specimens from children from developing countries. These results suggest that the recombinant L alpha cells can be used for selective isolation of poliovirus from clinical specimens.