← Back to Search
Natural Plasmids Of Filamentous Fungi.
A. J. Griffiths
Published 1995 · Biology, Medicine
Download PDFAnalyze on Scholarcy
Among eukaryotes, plasmids have been found in fungi and plants but not in animals. Most plasmids are mitochondrial. In filamentous fungi, plasmids are commonly encountered in isolates from natural populations. Individual populations may show a predominance of one type, but some plasmids have a global distribution, often crossing species boundaries. Surveys have shown that strains can contain more than one type of plasmid and that different types appear to be distributed independently. In crosses, plasmids are generally inherited maternally. Horizontal transmission is by cell contact. Circular plasmids are common only in Neurospora spp., but linear plasmids have been found in many fungi. Circular plasmids have one open reading frame (ORF) coding for a DNA polymerase or a reverse transcriptase. Linear plasmids generally have two ORFs, coding for presumptive DNA and RNA polymerases with amino acid motifs showing homology to viral polymerases. Plasmids often attain a high copy number, in excess of that of mitochondrial DNA. Linear plasmids have a protein attached to their 5' end, and this is presumed to act as a replication primer. Most plasmids are neutral passengers, but several linear plasmids integrate into mitochondrial DNA, causing death of the host culture. Inferred amino acid sequences of linear plasmid ORFs have been used to plot phylogenetic trees, which show a fair concordance with conventional trees. The circular Neurospora plasmids have replication systems that seem to be evolutionary intermediates between the RNA and the DNA worlds.
This paper references
Plasmid suppressors active in the sexual cycle of Neurospora intermedia.
X. Yang (1993)
Plasmids of Eukaryotes
K. Esser (1986)
Plasmid DNA in Mycelial Fungi
F. Kempken (1995)
Independent transfer of mitochondrial chromosomes and plasmids during unstable vegetative fusion in Neurospora
R. Collins (1990)
The Mauriceville plasmid of Neurospora spp. uses novel mechanisms for initiating reverse transcription in vivo.
J. Kennell (1994)
Invertrons, a class of structurally and functionally related genetic elements that includes linear DNA plasmids, transposable elements, and genomes of adeno-type viruses.
K. Sakaguchi (1990)
Nucleotide sequence of the Varkud mitochondrial plasmid of Neurospora and synthesis of a hybrid transcript with a 5' leader derived from mitochondrial RNA.
R. Akins (1988)
Intramolecular recombination as a source of mitochondrial chromosome heteromorphism in neurospora
S. R. Gross (1984)
The DNA sequence and genetic organization of a Neurospora mitochondrial plasmid suggest a relationship to introns and mobile elements
F. Nargang (1984)
Distribution and evolutionary significance of mitochondrial plasmids in Neurospora spp.
D. O. Natvig (1984)
Identification of the reverse transcriptase encoded by the Mauriceville and Varkud mitochondrial plasmids of Neurospora.
M. T. Kuiper (1990)
Expression of senescence in Neurospora intermedia
A. Griffiths (1986)
Homologous linear plasmids in mitochondria of three species of wheat bunt fungi, Tilletia caries, T. laevis and T. controversa
W. K. Kim (2004)
The VS catalytic RNA replicates by reverse transcription as a satellite of a retroplasmid.
J. Kennell (1995)
Fungal mitochondrial plasmids
F. Nargang (1985)
Two Neurospora mitochondrial plasmids encode DNA polymerases containing motifs characteristic of family B DNA polymerases but lack the sequence Asp-Thr-Asp.
Q. Li (1993)
Vegetative incompatibility and cytoplasmic infection in fungi.
C. Caten (1972)
Suppression of cytoplasmic senescence in Neurospora
A. J. Griffiths (2004)
Electrophoretic profiles of mitochondrial plasmids in Neurospora suggest they replicate by a rolling circle mechanism.
R. Maleszka (1992)
Construction of a shuttle vector for the filamentous fungus Neurospora crassa.
L. Stohl (1983)
Analysis of large deletions in the Mauriceville and Varkud mitochondrial plasmids of Neurospora
R. Akins (2004)
Male transmission of linear plasmids and mitochondrial DNA in the fungus Neurospora.
X. Yang (1993)
A mitochondrial retroplasmid integrates into mitochondrial DNA by a novel mechanism involving the synthesis of a hybrid cDNA and homologous recombination.
C. C. Chiang (1994)
Characterization of circular mitochondrial plasmids in three Pythium species
F. Martin (2004)
Detection and Properties of Plasmid-like DNA in Isolates from Twenty Three Formae Speciales of Fusarium oxysporum
N. Hirota (1992)
Deletion mutants of Neurospora crassa mitochondrial DNA and their relationship to the "stop-start" growth phenotype.
H. Bertrand (1980)
Mitochondrial class II introns encode proteins related to the reverse transcriptases of retroviruses
F. Michel (1985)
Extrachromosomal genetics of Claviceps purpurea
P. Tudzynski (2004)
Isolation and characterization of linear deoxyribonucleic acid plasmids from Kluyveromyces lactis and the plasmid-associated killer character.
N. Gunge (1981)
The mitochondrial plasmid from Neurospora intermedia strain Labelle-1b contains a long open reading frame with blocks of amino acids characteristic of reverse transcriptases and related proteins.
S. Pande (1989)
Transcripts and translation products of a mitochondrial plasmid of Claviceps purpurea
K. Gessner-Ulrich (2004)
The LaBelle mitochondrial plasmid of Neurospora intermedia encodes a novel DNA polymerase that may be derived from a reverse transcriptase.
U. Schulte (1991)
Evidence for giant linear plasmids in the ascomycete Podospora anserina
J. Hermanns (2004)
The mauriceville plasmid reverse transcriptase can initiate cDNA synthesis de novo and may be related to reverse transcriptase and DNA polymerase progenitor
H. Wang (1993)
Mitochondrial plasmids of neurospora: Integration into mitochondrial DNA and evidence for reverse transcription in mitochondria
R. Akins (1986)
Evidence that a 1.6 kilobase region of Neurospora mtDNA was derived by insertion of part of the LaBelle mitochondrial plasmid.
F. Nargang (1992)
Characterization of a novel plasmid DNA found in mitochondria of N. crassa
R. Collins (1981)
Transcription of the kalilo linear senescence plasmid from Neurospora intermedia.
D. B. Vickery (1993)
The Mitochondrial Genome of Plants
D. Lonsdale (1992)
Insertion of a foreign nucleotide sequence into mitochrondrial DNA causes senescence in neurospora intermedia
H. Bertrand (1985)
Reverse transcription of the Mauriceville plasmid of Neurospora. Lack of ribonuclease H activity associated with the reverse transcriptase and possible use of mitochondrial ribonuclease H.
H. Wang (1993)
Characterization of mutant mitochondrial plasmids of Neurospora spp. that have incorporated tRNAs by reverse transcription.
R. Akins (1989)
Independent transfer of mitochondrial plasmids in Neurospora crassa
G. May (1989)
Homology between mitochondrial DNA of Agaricus bisporus and an internal portion of a linear mitochondrial plasmid of Agaricus bitorquis
M. Robison (2004)
Studies on function and mobility of mitochondrial plasmids from Claviceps purpurea
K. Gessner-Ulrich (1994)
An extrachromosomal plasmid is the etiological precursor of kalDNA insertion sequences in the mitochrondrial chromosome of senescent neurospora
H. Bertrand (1986)
Characterization of two new plasmid DNAs found in mitochondria of wild-type Neurospora intermedia strains.
L. Stohl (1982)
A novel reverse transcriptase activity associated with mitochondrial plasmids of neurospora
M. T. Kuiper (1988)
Unstable cytoplasms in Hawaiian strains of Neurospora intermedia
A. J. Griffiths (2004)
Initiation of DNA replication by primer proteins: bacteriophage phi 29 and its relatives.
M. Salas (1988)
The Mauriceville plasmid of Neurospora crassa: characterization of a novel reverse transcriptase that begins cDNA synthesis at the 3' end of template RNA.
H. Wang (1992)
Isolation and characterization of a linear plasmid from the entomopathogenic fungus Ascosphaera apis.
H. Qin (1993)
Mitochondrial plasmids do not determine host range in crucifer-infecting strains of Fusarium oxysporum
E. Momol (1992)
Linear, non-mitochondrial plasmids of Alternaria alternata
H. S. Shepherd (2004)
Linear plasmids that integrate into mitochondrial DNA in Neurospora
H. Bertrand (1989)
A kalilo-like linear plasmid in Louisiana field isolates of the pseudohomothallic fungus Neurospora tetrasperma
M. Marcinko-Kuehn (2004)
Recombination by sequence repeats with formation of suppressive or residual mitochondrial DNA in Neurospora.
A. Almasan (1991)
A site-specific self-cleavage reaction performed by a novel RNA in neurospora mitochondria
B. Saville (1990)
Linear DNA plasmids of the perennial ryegrass choke pathogen, Epichloë typhina (Clavicipitaceae)
K. L. Mogen (2004)
Genetic organization and structural features of maranhar, a senescence-inducing linear mitochondrial plasmid of Neurospora crassa
D. Court (2004)
Three mitochondrial unassigned open reading frames of Podospora anserina represent remnants of a viral-type RNA polymerase gene
J. Hermanns (2004)
Plasmids of Eukaryotes: Fundamentals and Applications
K. Esser (1986)
This paper is referenced by
Mitochondrial Genomes of Algae
G. Burger (2012)
Detection and distribution of six linear mitochondrial plasmids in the shiitake mushroom,Lentinula edodes
Y. Fukumasa-Nakai (1998)
Fungal biology in the 21st century
R. Maheshwari (2005)
Characterization of the Streptomyces lavendulae IMRU 3455 linear plasmid pSLV45.
T. Hosted (2004)
Role of Horizontal Gene Transfer in the Evolution of Fungi.
U. Rosewich (2000)
Organelle Genetics: Evolution of Organelle Genomes and Gene Expression. 2011. Bullerwell C.E. (Ed.). Springer Verlag.
G. Hausner (2011)
Mitochondrial inheritance in filamentous fungi
A. J. Griffiths (2008)
On the origin of telomeres: a glimpse at the pre-telomerase world.
J. Nosek (2006)
The mitochondrial genome of the phytopathogenic basidiomycete Moniliophthora perniciosa is 109 kb in size and contains a stable integrated plasmid.
E. F. Formighieri (2008)
Inheritance of dsRNAs in the rice blast fungus, Magnaporthe grisea.
S. Chun (1997)
Intracellular Localization and Expression of the Plasmid pAAT56 in the Japanese Pear Pathotype of Alternaria alternata
I. Kaneko (1999)
Parasitism and maintenance of diversity in a fungal vegetative incompatibility system: the role of selection by deleterious cytoplasmic elements.
Jérémie Brusini (2011)
UNIVERSIDADE ESTADUAL DE FEIRA DE SANTANA PROGRAMA DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM BIOTECNOLOGIA
Viviane Matos Galvão (2010)
Asexual transmission, non-suppressiveness and meiotic extinction of small plasmid-like derivatives of the mitochondrial DNA in Neurospora crassa.
G. Hausner (2006)
The mitochondrial genome of a cytoplasmic male sterile line of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) contains an integrated linear plasmid-like element
P. McDermott (2008)
The origin and structural features of a newly-detected plasmid in a deviant Neurospora intermedia strain
Yan Xu (1998)
Introns, Mobile Elements, and Plasmids
G. Hausner (2012)
Yeast autonomous linear plasmid pGKL2: ORF9 is an actively transcribed essential gene with multiple transcription start points.
S. Jeske (2006)
Analysis of Complete Genomes of Propionibacterium acnes Reveals a Novel Plasmid and Increased Pseudogenes in an Acne Associated Strain
Gabriela Kasimatis (2013)
In vivo conformation and replication intermediates of circular mitochondrial plasmids in Neurospora and Cryphonectria parasitica.
D. Baidyaroy (2012)
Advances, Problems, and Prospects of Genetic Transformation of Fungi
N. Poyedinok (2018)
Inheritance and recombination of mitochondrial genomes in plants, fungi and animals.
C. Barr (2005)
Horizontal transfer of genetic elements in the black Aspergilli
A. Diepeningen (1999)
Mitochondria and Respiration
F. Nargang (2010)
The low information content of Neurospora splicing signals: implications for RNA splicing and intron origin.
R. Collins (2015)
On the Evolution of the Single-Subunit RNA Polymerases
N. Cermakian (1997)
Mitochondrial DNA from the liverwort Marchantia polymorpha: circularly permuted linear molecules, head-to-tail concatemers, and a 5' protein.
D. J. Oldenburg (2001)
Plasmids, Resistance and Hospital adaptation in Enterococci : an epidemiological approach
T. Rosvoll (2012)
Mitochondrial Genome Rearrangements in Glomus Species Triggered by Homologous Recombination between Distinct mtDNA Haplotypes
Denis Beaudet (2013)
The mitochondrial plasmid of the true slime mold Physarum polycephalum bypasses uniparental inheritance by promoting mitochondrial fusion
R. Sakurai (2004)
Methods in Fungal Genetics
K. McCluskey (2013)
Draft genome sequence and chemical profiling of Fusarium langsethiae, an emerging producer of type A trichothecenes.
E. Lysøe (2016)See more