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Electrical Signals In Higher Plants: Mechanisms Of Generation And Propagation

V. Vodeneev, Lyubov Katicheva, V. Sukhov
Published 2016 · Chemistry

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Local stimulation induces generation and propagation of electric signals in higher plants. Noninvasive stimulus induces an action potential and damaging influences lead to the variation potential. The mechanism of the generation of an action potential is rather complex in nature and is associated with both activation of ion channels (Ca2+, Cl–, and K+) and transient change in the activity of the plasma membrane H+-ATPase. Generation of the variation potential, the duration of which is considerably longer than that of the action potential, is based on transient inactivation of the electrogenic pump; however, passive ion fluxes also contribute to such process, which causes qualitative similarity of the mechanisms of action potential and variation potential generation. Propagation of electrical signals mainly occurs in conducting bundles; thus, transfer of an action potential is associated with vascular parenchyma and sieve elements, while the variation potential is connected to the xylem vessels. The mechanism of the distribution the action potential is similar to nerve impulse transmission, while generation of the variation potential is induced by transfer of a chemical substance, whose propagation is accelerated by a hydraulic wave.
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