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The Role Of Interspecies Differences In The Ratio Of Choline-containing Phospholipid Fractions Of Rodent Erythrocytes In Response Of These Cells To The Effect Of Membranotropic Compounds
Published 2017 · Biology
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In in vitro experiments, interspecies differences were revealed in the erythrocyte responses in varied rodent species—laboratory mice (Mus musculus L.), tundra voles (Microtus oeconomus Pall.) and bank voles (Myodes glareolus Pall.)—to the effect of chemical agents able to interact with membrane lipids and disrupt the membrane structure (detergent Triton X-100, oxidative stress inductor AAPH, antioxidant ionol or BHT, uranyl ion). It was hypothesized that these differences are due to physicochemical peculiarities of the erythrocyte membrane structure, specifically, the ratio of choline-containing fractions of phospholipids (phosphatidylcholine and sphingomyelin). The use of blood erythrocytes as an in vitro experimental model to study the mechanisms of toxicity as well as antioxidant and membrane-protective properties of compounds of different nature was shown to imply the choice of an adequate source of erythrocytes in view of considerable speciesdependent structural specificity of the lipid component of mammalian erythrocyte membranes.