Please confirm you are human (Sign Up for free to never see this)
← Back to Search
Factors Affecting Force Loss With Prolonged Stretching.
David G. Behm, D. Button, J. C. Butt
Published 2001 · Chemistry, Medicine
Save to my Library
Download PDFAnalyze on Scholarcy
The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors underlying the force loss occurring after prolonged, static, passive stretching. Subjects were tested before and 5-10 min following 20 min of static, passive stretching of the quadriceps (N=12) or a similar period of no stretch (control, N=6). Measurements included isometric maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) force, surface integrated electromyographic (iEMG) activity of the quadriceps and hamstrings, evoked contractile properties (twitch and tetanic force), and quadriceps inactivation as measured by the interpolated twitch technique (ITT). Following stretching, there was a significant 12% decrement in MVC with no significant changes in the control group. Muscle inactivation as measured by the ITT and iEMG increased by 2.8% and 20.2%, respectively. While twitch forces significantly decreased 11.7%, there was no change in tetanic force post-stretch. Although possible increases in muscle compliance affected twitch force, a lack of tetanic force change would suggest that post-stretch force decrements are more affected by muscle inactivation than changes in muscle elasticity.
This paper references
EMG-force relationships in skeletal muscle.
J. Perry (1981)
Muscle strength, voluntary activation, twitch properties, and endurance in patients with fibromyalgia.
J. Norregaard (1994)
Data on the distribution of fibre types in thirty-six human muscles. An autopsy study.
M. Johnson (1973)
Clinical and experimental application of the percutaneous twitch superimposition technique for the study of human muscle activation.
O. Rutherford (1986)
Do joint receptors modulate the motoneuron excitability?
M. Sabbahi (1990)
Acute muscle stretching inhibits maximal strength performance.
J. Kokkonen (1998)
The contribution of reflex inhibition to arthrogenous muscle weakness.
M. Stokes (1984)
Pressures in normal and acutely distended human knee joints and effects on quadriceps maximal voluntary contractions.
L. Wood (1988)
Muscle performance, voluntary activation, twitch properties and perceived effort in normal subjects and patients with the chronic fatigue syndrome.
A. Lloyd (1991)
The relation between force, velocity and integrated electrical activity in human muscles
B. Bigland (1954)
The influence of stretching and warm-up exercises on Achilles tendon reflex activity.
D. Rosenbaum (1995)
Mapping of electrical muscle stimulation using MRI.
G. Adams (1993)
Quadriceps EMG/force relationship in knee extension and leg press.
B. Alkner (2000)
Muscle inactivation: assessment of interpolated twitch technique.
David G. Behm (1996)
Fatigue Mechanisms in Trained and Untrained Plantar Flexors
David G. Behm (1998)
Effects of fatigue duration and muscle type on voluntary and evoked contractile properties.
David G. Behm (1997)
Catchlike property of human muscle during isovelocity movements.
S. Binder-Macleod (1996)
Fatigue characteristics following ankle fractures.
David G. Behm (1997)
Intra-articular pressure in rheumatoid arthritis of the knee. I. Pressure changes during passive joint distension.
M. Jayson (1970)
A method for detcting functional weakness
A. McComas (1983)
Evidence of inability to fully activate human limb muscle
G. Yue (2000)
Twitch interpolation in human muscles: mechanisms and implications for measurement of voluntary activation.
R. Herbert (1999)
JOINT DISTENSION AND REFLEX MUSCLE INHIBITION IN THE KNEE.
J. Deandrade (1965)
Are humans able to voluntarily elicit maximum muscle force?
J. Dowling (1994)
Potentiation of `late' responses evoked in muscles during effort
A. Upton (1971)
Effect of hamstring stretching on hamstring muscle performance.
T. Worrell (1994)
Reduced strength after passive stretch of the human plantarflexors.
J. Fowles (2000)
Extent of motor unit activation during effort.
A. Y. Bélanger (1981)
This paper is referenced by
Acute effects of passive stretching vs vibration on the neuromuscular function of the plantar flexors
T. Herda (2009)
An acute bout of static stretching: effects on force and jumping performance.
K. Power (2004)
Cycling efficiency and time to exhaustion are reduced after acute passive stretching administration
F. Esposito (2012)
Efeito do exercício preliminar no desempenho de adolescentes ativos na corrida de 100 metros rasos
Alexandre Dominguez Vaz (2007)
Acute effects of pre-event lower limb massage on explosive and high speed motor capacities and flexibility.
R. Arabacı (2008)
The Rate of Force Development Obtained at Early Contraction Phase Is Not Influenced by Active Static Stretching
André L Morais de Oliveira (2012)
THE ACUTE EFFECTS OF COMBINED STATIC AND DYNAMIC STRETCH PROTOCOLS ON FIFTY‐METER SPRINT PERFORMANCE IN TRACK‐AND‐FIELD ATHLETES
I. Fletcher (2007)
Electromyography Assessments of the Vastus Medialis Muscle during Soccer Instep Kicking between Dynamic and Static Stretching
Mohammadtaghi Amiri-Khorasani (2010)
Effect of Stretching during the Inter-Set Rest Periods on the Kinematics and Kinetics of High and Low Velocity Resistance Loading Schemes: Implications for Hypertrophy
N. Mohamad (2014)
Acute effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation and static stretching on maximal voluntary contraction and muscle electromyographical activity in indoor soccer players
Erika da Fonseca Silva Reis (2013)
Stretching and Its Effects on Recovery: A Review
W. Sands (2013)
Acute Effects of Upper Extremity Static Stretching and Dynamic Warm-up Protocols on Range of Motion, Strength, and Power Output
Douglas A Zaruta (2009)
Aerobic activity before and following short-duration static stretching improves range of motion and performance vs. a traditional warm-up.
Justin R Murphy (2010)
Stretching-Induced Deficit of Maximal Isometric Torque Is Restored Within 10 Minutes
T. Mizuno (2014)
Acute effect of static and dynamic stretching exercise on sprint and flexibility of amateur soccer players
K. Famisis (2015)
The effect of acute static stretch on maximal muscle performance: A systematic review Authors
A. Kay (2019)
SWIMMING SCIENCE BULLETIN
B. Rushall (2011)
A Warm-Up Routine That Incorporates a Plyometric Protocol Potentiates the Force-Generating Capacity of the Quadriceps Muscles
Mariska Johnson (2019)
Effect of stretching on agonist–antagonist muscle activity and muscle force output during single and multiple joint isometric contractions
J. McBride (2007)
The acute effects of unilateral ankle plantar flexors static- stretching on postural sway and gastrocnemius muscle activity during single-leg balance tasks.
B. N. Lima (2014)
Dynamic stretching versus static stretching in gymnastic performance
C. D'Anna (2015)
Do Stretch Durations Affect Muscle Mechanical and Neurophysiological Properties?
J. Opplert (2016)
Effects of stretching on the fractal dimension of rectus femoris and vastus medialis muscles
N. Ozturk (2020)
Acute effect of static stretching on passive and active properties of the gastrocnemius muscle–tendon unit: an investigation based on different repetition durations and numbers
Masatoshi Nakamura (2017)
The Effects of the Contract-Relax-Antagonist-Contract Form of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Stretching on Postural Stability
E. E. Ryan (2010)
© THE FUTURE OF SWIMMING: "MYTHS AND SCIENCE" 1
B. Rushall (2009)
EFFECTS OF DIFFERENTIAL STRETCHING PROTOCOLS DURING WARM‐UPS ON HIGH‐SPEED MOTOR CAPACITIES IN PROFESSIONAL SOCCER PLAYERS
Thomas H. Little (2006)
The effect of lower limb massage on EMG and force production of the knee extensors Running Head: Neuromuscular recruitment and force production of massaged
TEMPORAL PATTERN OF KINESIOLOGY TAPE EFFICACY ON HAMSTRING EXTENSIBILITY.
C. Farquharson (2015)
Efecto del ejercicio preliminar en el desempeño de adolescentes activos en carrera de 100 metros rasos
Alexandre Dominguez Vaz (2007)
The acute effects of static-stretching, dynamic exercise and combined warm-up protocols on the speed, agility and muscular power of trained youth rugby union players
P. Bailey (2008)
Influence of vision and static stretch of the calf muscles on postural sway during quiet standing.
A. Nagano (2006)See more