Synthesis Of A Polyacrylamide Hydrogel Using CO2 At Room Temperature
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is an environmentally harmful “greenhouse gas” that is present in abundant quantities in the earth’s atmosphere. Thus, the sequestration and conversion of CO2 to value-added organic chemicals is of environmental and economical importance. In this proof-of-concept study, amine groups of acrylamide compounds were found to react with CO2 under ambient conditions to form a polyacrylamide hydrogel. This composite was characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI–MS), which confirmed successful synthesis and demonstrated all characteristics representative of a typical hydrogel material. Rheology analyses further proved the formation of the hydrogel, as well as its self-healing nature. The novel approach proposed in this work can potentially be used in the construction of versatile amine-based gel materials for efficient CO2 utilization applications.