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Synthesis Of A Polyacrylamide Hydrogel Using CO2 At Room Temperature

Celia Ferrag, Maryam Abdinejad, Kagan Kerman

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Carbon dioxide (CO2) is an environmentally harmful “greenhouse gas” that is present in abundant quantities in the earth’s atmosphere. Thus, the sequestration and conversion of CO2 to value-added organic chemicals is of environmental and economical importance. In this proof-of-concept study, amine groups of acrylamide compounds were found to react with CO2 under ambient conditions to form a polyacrylamide hydrogel. This composite was characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI–MS), which confirmed successful synthesis and demonstrated all characteristics representative of a typical hydrogel material. Rheology analyses further proved the formation of the hydrogel, as well as its self-healing nature. The novel approach proposed in this work can potentially be used in the construction of versatile amine-based gel materials for efficient CO2 utilization applications.