HIGH-FIELD LIMIT OF THE VLASOV–POISSON–FOKKER–PLANCK SYSTEM: A COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT PERTURBATION METHODS
A reduced drift-diffusion (Smoluchowski–Poisson) equation is found for the electric charge in the high-field limit of the Vlasov–Poisson–Fokker–Planck system, both in one and three dimensions. The corresponding electric field satisfies a Burgers equation. Three methods are compared in the one-dimensional case: Hilbert expansion, Chapman–Enskog procedure and closure of the hierarchy of equations for the moments of the probability density. Of these methods, only the Chapman–Enskog method is able to systematically yield reduced equations containing terms of different order.