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CGMP Antagonizes Angiotensin-mediated Phosphatidylcholine Hydrolysis And C Kinase Activation In Mesangial Cells

R. L. Barnett, L. Ruffini, L. Ramsammy, R. Pasmantier, M. M. Friedlaender, E. P. Nord

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Previous studies from this laboratory have shown that in cultured rat mesangial cells (MC), angiotensin II (ANG II) mediates its effects via activation of phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC) and phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase C (PC-PLC) and phospholipase D (PC-PLD). In addition, guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP)-elevating maneuvers that stimulate particulate and soluble guanylate cyclase [atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP), respectively] antagonize ANG II-mediated PI-PLC activation. The current study explored whether cGMP impairs ANG II-mediated PC-PLC and PLD activity. The ANG II-stimulated release of the water-soluble metabolites of PC breakdown (phosphorylcholine and choline) was blocked by ANF and SNP. ANG II-stimulated phosphatidic acid and phosphatidylethanol formation were significantly reduced by ANF and SNP, confirming that cGMP blunted PLD activity. The inhibitory effect of cGMP on PLD could be reversed by N-(2-[methylamino]ethyl)-5-isoquinolinesulfonamide, a blocker of cGMP-dependent protein kinase. In parallel experiments, ANF and SNP abrogated sustained diacylglycerol (DAG) accumulation derived from ANG II stimulation of PC hydrolysis, confirming that cGMP diminished PC-PLC activity. Inhibition of PC-derived DAG accumulation by cGMP was associated with a concomitant decrement in ANG II-mediated translocation of protein kinase C (PKC) activity from the cytosol to the membrane. In summary, in MC, cGMP antagonizes ANG II-mediated PC hydrolysis, DAG formation, and PKC activation. We propose that cGMP-mediated inhibition of phospholipid metabolism and PKC translocation plays an important role in MC vasorelaxation.