Role Of Protein Tyrosine Phosphorylation In H2O2-induced Activation Of Endothelial Cell Phospholipase D
Oxidant-induced activation of phospholipase D (PLD) in bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAEC) is independent of protein kinase C and calcium. In the present study, the effects of tyrosine kinase and protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTPase) inhibitors on hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced PLD activation and protein tyrosine phosphorylation were examined in BPAEC. Pretreatment of BPAEC with putative tyrosine kinase inhibitors genistein, tyrphostin, and herbimycin attenuated H2O2 (1 mM)-induced PLD activation. The inhibitory effect of the tyrosine kinase inhibitors was highly specific for H2O2-induced modulation and showed no effect on PLD activation mediated by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate or bradykinin. Furthermore, addition of H2O2 increased in a time-dependent manner tyrosine phosphorylation of several proteins (17-200 kDa), as determined by immunoblot analysis with antiphosphotyrosine antibodies. H2O2-mediated protein tyrosine phosphorylation preceded PLD activation, and a good correlation was observed on the effect of genistein in H2O2-induced PLD activation and protein tyrosine phosphorylation. Addition of vanadate, a phosphotyrosine phosphatase inhibitor, synergistically increased both PLD activation and protein tyrosine phosphorylation mediated by H2O2. Moreover, vanadate by itself had minimal effect on basal PLD activity in BPAEC; however, at 10 microM vanadate, an increase in protein tyrosine phosphorylation was observed. In addition to vanadate, phenylarsine oxide and diamide potentiated H2O2-induced PLD activation. These results suggest that tyrosine kinase activation may be involved in H2O2-induced PLD activation in vascular endothelial cells.