Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
Please confirm you are human
(Sign Up for free to never see this)
← Back to Search

Reduced Strength After Passive Stretch Of The Human Plantarflexors.

J. Fowles, D. Sale, J. D. Macdougall
Published 2000 · Medicine

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
The purpose of this study was to assess strength performance after an acute bout of maximally tolerable passive stretch (PS(max)) in human subjects. Ten young adults (6 men and 4 women) underwent 30 min of cyclical PS(max) (13 stretches of 135 s each over 33 min) and a similar control period (Con) of no stretch of the ankle plantarflexors. Measures of isometric strength (maximal voluntary contraction), with twitch interpolation and electromyography, and twitch characteristics were assessed before (Pre), immediately after (Post), and at 5, 15, 30, 45, and 60 min after PS(max) or Con. Compared with Pre, maximal voluntary contraction was decreased at Post (28%) and at 5 (21%), 15 (13%), 30 (12%), 45 (10%), and 60 (9%) min after PS(max) (P < 0.05). Motor unit activation and electromyogram were significantly depressed after PS(max) but had recovered by 15 min. An additional testing trial confirmed that the torque-joint angle relation may have been temporarily altered, but at Post only. These data indicate that prolonged stretching of a single muscle decreases voluntary strength for up to 1 h after the stretch as a result of impaired activation and contractile force in the early phase of deficit and by impaired contractile force throughout the entire period of deficit.
This paper references
10.1016/0014-4886(88)90113-6
Passive stretch of adult chicken muscle produces a myopathy remarkably similar to hereditary muscular dystrophy
C. Ashmore (1988)
10.1111/j.1600-0838.1998.tb00171.x
Passive properties of human skeletal muscle during stretch maneuvers
S. P. Magnusson (1998)
10.1113/jphysiol.1988.sp017291
Double‐hyperbolic force‐velocity relation in frog muscle fibres.
K. A. Edman (1988)
10.1016/0304-3940(94)90926-1
Are humans able to voluntarily elicit maximum muscle force?
J. Dowling (1994)
10.1152/JAPPL.1981.51.5.1131
Extent of motor unit activation during effort.
A. Y. Bélanger (1981)
10.1152/JAPPL.1982.52.6.1636
Influence of joint position on ankle plantarflexion in humans.
Darryl Sale (1982)
10.1016/S0003-9993(96)90087-8
Mechanical and physiological responses to stretching with and without preisometric contraction in human skeletal muscle
S. P. Magnusson (1996)
10.1249/00005768-198012050-00004
Electromyographic investigation of muscle stretching techniques.
M. Moore (1980)
10.1152/JAPPL.1991.70.6.2498
Muscle damage induced by eccentric contractions of 25% strain.
R. Lieber (1991)
10.1152/JN.1971.34.6.1051
Adequate stimulus for tendon organs with observations on mechanics of ankle joint.
J. Houk (1971)
10.1152/JAPPL.1986.61.2.421
Fatigue of intermittent submaximal voluntary contractions: central and peripheral factors.
B. Bigland-ritchie (1986)
10.1177/036354658901700407
Passive tension of the ankle before and after stretching
E. Toft (1989)
10.1177/036354659001800314
Viscoelastic properties of muscle-tendon units
D. Taylor (1990)
10.1152/JAPPL.1990.69.6.1935
Evaluation of animal models for the study of exercise-induced muscle enlargement.
B. F. Timson (1990)
10.1080/02701367.1998.10607716
Acute muscle stretching inhibits maximal strength performance.
J. Kokkonen (1998)
10.1152/JAPPL.1983.55.1.191
Effect of temperature on the contractile properties and muscle power of triceps surae in humans.
C. Davies (1983)
Gastrocnemius muscle belly and tendon length in stroke patients and able-bodied persons.
E. Halar (1978)
10.1063/1.351680
Generation of Maxwell displacement current from spread monolayers containing azobenzene
M. Iwamoto (1992)
REDUCED STRENGTH AFTER STRETCH
10.1016/0021-9290(89)90214-5
Biomechanical properties of the human ankle in relation to passive stretch.
E. Toft (1989)
10.1177/036354659602400510
Biomechanical Responses to Repeated Stretches in Human Hamstring Muscle In Vivo
S. P. Magnusson (1996)
10.1002/MUS.880150203
Voluntary discharge frequencies of human motoneurons at different muscle lengths
B. Bigland-Ritchie (1992)
10.3109/17453677208991252
Isometric knee extension strength as a function of joint angle, muscle length and motor unit activity.
D. Haffajee (1972)
Voluntary discharge frequencies of human motorneurons at different muscle lengths. Muscle Nerve
BR Bigland-Ritchie (1992)
10.1249/00005768-199512000-00001
Bed rest induces neural and contractile adaptations in triceps surae.
J. Duchateau (1995)
Neuromuscular basis of stretching exercises
RS Hutton (1992)
10.1152/JAPPL.1992.72.5.1631
Neurobiology of muscle fatigue.
R. Enoka (1992)
10.1093/PTJ/67.1.24
Soleus muscle electromyographic activity and ankle dorsiflexion range of motion during four stretching procedures.
S. M. Condon (1987)
10.1152/JAPPL.1993.74.6.2990
Elevations in rat soleus muscle [Ca2+] with passive stretch.
R. Armstrong (1993)
10.1152/AJPCELL.1988.254.6.C759
Sarcomere length and joint kinematics during torque production in frog hindlimb.
R. Lieber (1988)
10.1080/02701367.1993.10608784
The effects of static and ballistic stretching on delayed onset muscle soreness and creatine kinase.
L. Smith (1993)
Science of Flexibility. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics
Mj Alter (1996)
10.1249/00005768-199212000-00011
Viscoelastic stress relaxation in human skeletal muscle.
M. McHugh (1992)
10.1152/JAPPL.1981.51.2.317
Role of fascia in maintenance of muscle tension and pressure.
S. Garfin (1981)
Neuromuscular basis of stretching exercises. In: Strength and Power in Sport, edited by Komi PV
RS Hutton (1992)
10.1111/J.1748-1716.1995.TB09987.X
Contraction specific changes in passive torque in human skeletal muscle.
S. P. Magnusson (1995)
10.1016/0021-9290(89)90181-4
Strain-induced reorientation of an intramuscular connective tissue network: implications for passive muscle elasticity.
P. Purslow (1989)
10.1113/jphysiol.1985.sp015718
Different types of slowly conducting afferent units in cat skeletal muscle and tendon.
S. Mense (1985)
10.1123/JAB.11.1.1
Tendon Elasticity and Relative Length: Effects on the Hill Two-Component Muscle Model
G. Caldwell (1995)
10.2519/JOSPT.1999.29.2.106
Effect of a static calf-stretching exercise on the resistive torque during passive ankle dorsiflexion in healthy subjects.
I. Muir (1999)
10.2165/00007256-198907040-00001
Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage and Adaptation
C. Ebbeling (1989)
Neuromuscular responses to maximal passive stretch in humans (Abstract)
Fowles (1996)



This paper is referenced by
10.1590/S1980-65742014000100010
Impact of acute static-stretching on the optimal height in drop jumps
L. Pasqua (2014)
10.1016/j.aott.2016.03.007
Weakening iliopsoas muscle in healthy adults may induce stiff knee pattern
N. E. Akalan (2016)
10.1186/1475-925X-4-67
Mechanomyographic amplitude and frequency responses during dynamic muscle actions: a comprehensive review
T. Beck (2005)
Effects of Dynamic Stretching with Different Loads on Hip Joint Range of Motion in the Elderly.
Wen-Sheng Zhou (2019)
10.1123/PES.15.2.139
Acute Static Stretching Reduces Lower Extremity Power in Trained Children
Jeni R. Mcneal (2003)
Acute effects of stretching on athletic performance
Mohammed Rajaai Mahli (2012)
LA DUREE POUR AMELIORER LES PERFORMANCES ET DISSIPER LES EFFETS NEGATIFS APRES LE STRETCHING PASSIF EST COMPRISE ENTRE 2 ET 15 MINUTES
Mohammed Zerf (2016)
Comparação dos níveis agudos de flexibilidade após exercícios contra resistência em diferentes amplitudes
D. G. Matos (2010)
10.1152/japplphysiol.01144.2014
M-wave potentiation after voluntary contractions of different durations and intensities in the tibialis anterior.
J. Rodríguez-Falces (2015)
10.1016/j.ptsp.2018.04.018
Potential relationship between passive plantar flexor stiffness and sprint performance in sprinters.
C. Takahashi (2018)
10.1155/2013/481490
The Acute Effects of Upper Extremity Stretching on Throwing Velocity in Baseball Throwers
M. Williams (2013)
10.15406/MOJYPT.2016.01.00006
The effects of static versus dynamic stretching on average power in the young-adult athletic population
Danielle T Freund (2016)
10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181b29614
Effect of Static and Dynamic Stretching on Vertical Jump Performance in Collegiate Women Volleyball Players
K. J. Dalrymple (2010)
Samband mellan explosivitet och passiv rörlighet i nedre extremitet hos innebandy-spelare på elitnivå
Peter Löfgren (2012)
Comparison of the Effects of Static and Dynamic Stretching on the Force-Velocity Capabilities of Young Volleyball Players
J. Popelka (2018)
Acute effects of pre-event lower limb massage on explosive and high speed motor capacities and flexibility.
R. Arabacı (2008)
10.1519/R-16944.1
EFFECTS OF DIFFERENTIAL STRETCHING PROTOCOLS DURING WARM‐UPS ON HIGH‐SPEED MOTOR CAPACITIES IN PROFESSIONAL SOCCER PLAYERS
Thomas H. Little (2006)
10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.108-111.369
Effect of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation on Force-Time Curve and Electromyogram Parameters in Competitive Aerobics Athletes
Li Qin Yao (2010)
معرفی Movement Quick Release در بررسی اثرات کوتاه مدت کشش پاسیو بر شاخص های طول و سفتی عضلات همسترینگ کوتاه شده
آزاده شادمهر (2008)
Pre-exercise stretching adaptations on a cardiac rehab population
Emily Anne O'Shaughnessy (2012)
10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182964836
Static Stretching Can Impair Explosive Performance for At Least 24 Hours
M. Haddad (2014)
10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181aeb181
Effect of Warm-Ups Involving Static or Dynamic Stretching on Agility, Sprinting, and Jumping Performance in Trained Individuals
A. Chaouachi (2010)
10.1590/S1517-86922010000600011
Alterações morfofuncionais musculares em resposta ao alongamento passivo em modelo animal de imobilização prolongada de membro posterior
Wanize Almeida Rocha (2010)
Short Durations of Static Stretching when Combined with Dynamic Stretching do not Impair Repeated Sprints and Agility.
D. Wong (2011)
10.1589/jpts.26.341
Effects of Active Individual Muscle Stretching on Muscle Function
K. Nakamura (2014)
10.1519/JSC.0b013e31823f2b4d
Maximal Strength, Number of Repetitions, and Total Volume Are Differently Affected by Static-, Ballistic-, and Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Stretching
R. Barroso (2012)
10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181e34811
Preexercise Static Stretching Effect on Leaping Performance in Elite Rhythmic Gymnasts
A. di Cagno (2010)
10.1080/02640410600818416
Acute effects of static stretching on characteristics of the isokinetic angle – torque relationship, surface electromyography, and mechanomyography
J. Cramer (2007)
10.1016/J.HUMOV.2005.12.005
Influence of vision and static stretch of the calf muscles on postural sway during quiet standing.
A. Nagano (2006)
10.18511/RBCM.V13I4.655
Influência do aquecimento específico e de alongamento no desempenho da força muscular em 10 repetições máximas
R. Fermino (2008)
10.1007/s11332-017-0404-3
Short duration static stretching preceded by cycling warm-up reduces vertical jump performance in healthy males
C. M. Brusco (2017)
10.1080/24748668.2012.11868613
Acute effects of static stretching exercises on short-distance flutter kicking time in child swimmers
A. Agopyan (2012)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar