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Human Muscle Performance And PCr Hydrolysis With Varied Inspired Oxygen Fractions: A 31P-MRS Study.

M. Hogan, R. Richardson, L. Haseler
Published 1999 · Chemistry, Medicine

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The purpose of this study was to use 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy to examine the relationships among muscle PCr hydrolysis, intracellular H+ concentration accumulation, and muscle performance during incremental exercise during the inspiration of gas mixtures containing different fractions of inspired O2 (FIO2). We hypothesized that lower FIO2 would result in a greater disruption of intracellular homeostasis at submaximal workloads and thereby initiate an earlier onset of fatigue. Six subjects performed plantar flexion exercise on three separate occasions with the only variable altered for each exercise bout being the FIO2 (either 0.1, 0.21, or 1.00 O2 in balance N2). Work rate was increased (1-W increments starting at 0 W) every 2 min until exhaustion. Time to exhaustion (and thereby workload achieved) was significantly (P < 0.05) greater as FIO2 was increased. Muscle phosphocreatine (PCr) concentration, Pi concentration, and pH at exhaustion were not significantly different among the three FIO2 conditions. However, muscle PCr concentration and pH were significantly reduced at identical submaximal workloads (and thereby equivalent rates of respiration) above 4-5 W during the lowest FIO2 condition compared with the other two FIO2 conditions. These results demonstrate that exhaustion during all FIO2 occurred when a particular intracellular environment was achieved and suggest that during the lowest FIO2 condition, the greater PCr hydrolysis and intracellular acidosis at submaximal workloads may have contributed to the significantly earlier time to exhaustion.
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