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A Novel Classification System To Address Financial Impact And Referral Decisions For Bile Duct Injury In Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

Robert M. Cannon, Guy Brock, Joseph F. Buell

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Purpose. The study was undertaken to evaluate a novel classification system developed to estimate financial cost of bile duct injury (BDI) and to aid in decision making for referral. Study Design. A retrospective review of patients referred for BDI was performed. Grade I injuries involve the duct of Luschka or accessory right hepatic ducts, grade II includes all other biliary injuries, and grade III includes all vasculobiliary injuries. Groups were compared using standard statistical methods. Results. There were 14 grade I, 74 grade II, and 20 grade III injuries. There was a significant difference in the cost and mortality of grade I ($12,457, 0%), grade II ($46,481, 1.4%), and grade III ($69,368, 15%, and , resp.) injuries. Grade II and III injuries were significantly more likely to require surgical repair (OR 27.7, ). Conclusion. We have presented a simple classification system that is able to accurately predict cost and need for surgical repair.