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Value Of Functionalized Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles In The Diagnosis And Treatment Of Acute Temporal Lobe Epilepsy On MRI

Tingting Fu, Qingxia Kong, Huaqiang Sheng, Lingyun Gao
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Purpose.Although active targeting of drugs using a magnetic-targeted drug delivery system (MTDS) with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) is a very effective treatment approach for tumors and other illnesses, successful results of drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) are unprecedented. A hallmark in the neuropathology of TLE is brain inflammation, in particular the activation of interleukin-1β(IL-1β) induced by activated glial cells, which has been considered a new mechanistic target for treatment. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of the functionalized SPIONs with anti-IL-1βmonoclonal antibody (mAb) attached to render MRI diagnoses and simultaneously provide targeted therapy with the neutralization of IL-1βoverexpressed in epileptogenic zone of an acute rat model of TLE.Experimental Design.The anti-IL-1βmAb-SPIONs were studied in vivo versus plain SPIONs and saline. Lithium-chloride pilocarpine-induced TLE models (n=60) were followed by Western blot, Perl’s iron staining, Nissl staining, and immunofluorescent double-label staining after MRI examination.Results.The magnetic anti-IL-1βmAb-SPION administered intravenously, which crossed the BBB and was concentrated in the astrocytes and neurons in epileptogenic tissues, rendered these tissues visible on MRI and simultaneously delivered anti-IL-1βmAb to the epileptogenic focus.Conclusions.Our study provides the first evidence that the novel approach enhanced accumulation and the therapeutic effect of anti-IL-1βmAb by MTDS using SPIONs.