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Aplicação De Eletrodos Compósitos A Base De Poliuretana-grafite

P. Cervini
Published 2006 · Chemistry

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Composite electrodes from graphite and vegetal polyurethane resin were prepared and evaluated in relation to their performance in voltammetric and amperometric determination of hydroquinone (HQ), acetaminophen (APAP) and atenolol (ATN). The electrodes were cured under different pressures in an hydraulic press showing that as higher the pressure, higher the current measured for a same solution, until a limiting value. Potassium ferricyanide was used as an electrochemical probe to test the performance of the electrode in square wave voltammetry (SWV) and as a rotating disc electrode (RDE). The HQ was determined using SWV and FIA, with amperometric detection at the composite electrode as a working electrode. Limits of detection (LD) of 283 nmol L and 100 μmol L were obtained in SWV and FIA, respectively. The determination of HQ in photographic developers showed results that agreed a comparison method based on of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with 95% of confidence. The APAP was determined in differential pulse voltammetry (DPV), RDE, FIA and chronoamperommetry, with LD 3.9, 2.6, 18.9 and 6.7 μmol L, respectively, using the graphite-PU 60 % (graphite, w/w) composite electrode. The procedure was applied in the determination of APAP in commercial pharmaceutical formulations, at the composite in DPV and FIA with results that agreed with HPLC at 95% confidence level. The ATN was also determined using DPV and FIA, with LD of 3.2 and 18.1 μmol L, respectively. In pharmaceutical formulations it was possible to determine the ATN in agreement with results of HPLC. Interference of ascorbic acid in the APAP and furosemide and propanolol using ATN determinations were observed. However, the concomitants present in pharmaceutical formulation did not interfere and standard addition procedures permitted to obtain satisfactory results in DPV. In FIA, standard addition was not necessary, being the analytes determined on the bases of analytical curves. Only ATN adsorved in the surface of the electrode using DPV, but it was possible to determine it without necessity of surface renovation between successive measurements, including in FIA. In all cases, the composite was more sensitive than glassy carbon (GC), probably due to the presence of functional groups in the polymer and/ or because of the active area of the composite.
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