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Giant Air Cell Of The Petrous Apex: A Possible Cause Of Facial Hypalgesia

Makoto Sakai, Tetsuro Ogata, Mutsumi Sato, Tatsumi Kaga, Hirosato Miyake, Masahiro Iida, Tsuneya Watabe

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A giant air cell of the left petrous apex was found in a 23-year-old man with ipsilateral facial hypalgesia. The size of the giant air cell depicted on computed tomography was 1.5 × 2.0 × 2.0 cm. A coronal T1-weighted magnetic resonance image showed that the trigeminal nerve was compressed superomedially by a large signal void area that was probably a result of excessive pneumatization of the petrous apex. It is suggested that the facial hypalgesia was caused by the compression by the giant air cell of the petrous apex on the trigeminal nerve.