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Estimating Trait, Method, And Error Variance: Generalizing Across 70 Construct Validation Studies

Joseph A. Cote, M. Ronald Buckley

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The authors examine the construct validation results of 70 published data sets. The analysis shows that, on average, traits account for less than 50% of the variance in construct measures. These findings raise questions about the application of statistical techniques that assume minimal measurement error or do not properly model systematic measurement error.