Recurrent Steroid-responsive Cerebral Vasogenic Edema In Status Migrainosus And Persistent Aura
Status migrainosus (SM) and persistent aura (PA) without infarction are complications of migraine. Although several patients have been reported to have reversible brain lesions associated with complications of migraine, their nature and pathophysiology remain unclear.
We report on a 38-year-old male who presented with nine episodes of SM and PA over eight years. Serial neuroimaging studies including brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), blood flow single photon emission tomography (SPECT),18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) and11 C-flumazenil PET (FMZ-PET) demonstrated cerebral vasogenic edema (CVE) with hypoperfusion and hypometabolism in the area, anatomically corresponding to the area with PA. SM and PA were effectively controlled by corticosteroid therapy. Follow-up MRI revealed complete reversibility of the CVE, which was supported by normal FMZ-PET and FDG-PET findings.
We have described a patient with transient brain lesions associated with complications of migraine who was diagnosed with fully reversible and steroid responsive CVE.