Enhanced O2 Transportation During Cardiopulmonary Bypass In Piglets By The Use Of Inositol Hexaphosphate Loaded Red Blood Cells
A continuous lysing and resealing of erythrocytes permitted internalization of inositol hexaphosphate (IHP), a strong allosteric effector of Hb, leading to significant rightward shifts of the HbO2 dissociation curve. Twelve piglets were put on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with the heart beating, cooled to 25° C then rewarmed to 37° C before weaning off CPB. AoP, LV pressure, PAP, and cardiac output (CO) were monitored. Blood samples were taken before CPB, at 25° C, at 30° C, at 37° C and after CPB for assessment of blood gases, arterio-venous difference in O2 content, lactates, P50 (partial pressure of O2 at 50% Hb saturation), and ionogram. Control group I included five pigs where the CPB circuit was primed with Ringer's lactate solution and porcine blood. In group II (n=5), priming was done with Ringer's lactate solution and IHP loaded erythrocytes. P50 was significantly higher during CPB than before surgery in group II (20%), but not in group I (1%). There was a significant increase in VO2 in group II (6.02 ml/min) compared to group I (4.03 ml/min) (p < 0.05) after CPB. Hemodynamics improved after CPB in group II (mean AoP 42 mmHg and syst LVP 70 mmHg) compared to group I (AoP 25 mmHg and syst LVP 22.5 mmHg). These preliminary results show that O2 transportation at the end of CPB is enhanced and myocardial function is improved in piglets with the use of IHP erythrocytes.